Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
2. Without the requisite rules, regulations, and machinery in place, it is not surprising that the Lokpal has failed to meet expectations. Critically analyse the statement with respect to the functioning of Lokpal in India. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
More than six years after the Lokpal law received the President’s assent; the institution of the Lokpal is yet to play any significant role in tackling corruption in the country. Thus the background of the question.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the lacunae with respect to the ill-functioning of the office of Lokpal and suggest what needs to be done.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the background of the coming of the office of Lokpal into existence.
A nationwide public campaign in 2011 demanding an independent anti-corruption ombudsman resulted in the passage of the Lokpal law in India. The Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013 had been enacted to ensure a prompt and fair investigation and prosecution, in cases of corruption against public servants. The Lokpal had been envisioned to be independent and was accorded a high stature and given extensive powers including the power to inquire, investigate and prosecute acts of corruption. Then explain the concerns involved – Delay in appointments, Government’s lack of intent, lack of Independence of the Lokpal etc.
Conclude by suggesting way ahead; recommend steps that need to be taken to overcome the challenge.