Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
3. Discuss the provisions available to resolve the problem of criminalization of politics in India and also suggest steps that need to be taken to address it more effectively. (250 words)
Reference: Hindustan Times
Why this question:
The Supreme Court on Thursday will pronounce its verdict on steps to be taken to address the problem of criminalization of politics. In its judgment, the court is expected to decide whether directions can be issued to political parties to deny tickets to candidates with criminal background.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the available provisions to decriminalize politics in the country and the steps that are yet to be taken in this direction.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain what you understand by criminalization of politics.
Criminalization of Politics means that the criminals entering the politics and contesting elections and even getting elected to the Parliament and state legislature.
Discuss the underlying causes of it.
- It takes place primarily because of the nexus between the criminals and some of the politicians.
- The criminals need the patronage of politicians occupying public offices to continue with their criminal activities and the politicians need the money and muscle power that the criminals can offer to the politicians to win elections. In course of time, the nexus led the criminals themselves to contest elections.
Present the case of India.
Suggest key provisions that are yet to be put in place.
Conclude that the need for cleansing politics of criminal influence has been flagged once again. The primary sacrifice at the altar of criminalization is that of governance, along with transparency and accountability. Expensive election campaigning favour candidates with strong financial background. Such candidates, when elected, seek to recover their expenses besides securing a corpus for the future election as quickly as possible, especially in the era of coalition governments with tenuous stability.