Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present
1. To what extent you believe that Indigo rebellion in Bengal carried both old and new characteristics of peasant movements? (250 words)
Reference: Indian freedom struggle by Bipin Chandra
Why this question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper I and is based on the theme of Indigo revolution of the eighteenth century and effects.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the significance of Indigo revolt and the traits of Peasants movement it carried in it – both the new and old.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain facts of Indigo movement.
The Indigo Rebellion (Neel Bidroho) took place in Bengal in 1859-60 and was a revolt by the farmers against British planters who had forced them to grow indigo under terms that were greatly unfavorable to the farmers. Discuss briefly then the causes of the revolt. Bring out the characteristics of peasant movements that the revolt inherited.
Conclude with brief assessment of the revolt.