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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 February 2020

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 February 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Chola bronze sculptures had set a new benchmark in the history of art and metallurgy”. Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference: An introduction to Indian Art Part -I   Class XI  NCERT

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I and aims to analyse the significance of Chola art and architecture.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the importance of the benchmark that the Cholan Bronze sculptures had set in the history of art and architecture.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the coming of Bronze sculptures in India; one can start with the mention of the ‘Dancing girl’ figurine of Mohenjodaro.

Body:

First explain that the making of bronze sculptures reached a high stage of development in South India during the medieval period. Although bronze images were modeled and cast during the Pallava period in the eighth and ninth centuries. Then move onto highlight that the most elegant and exquisite statues were produced during the Chola Period. Discuss their key features; use the examples of kalyanasundara murti, Ardhanarishvara, Nataraja etc.

Conclusion:

The Chola period was an age of continuous improvement and refinement of Dravidian art and architecture. The circumstances in which bronzes were cast during this period, and the contexts within which they were and are sited, continue to have profound relevance for our present-day understanding of art and culture.

 

Topic:  Salient features of Indian Society

2.  “Caste system is assuming new identities and associational forms. Hence, caste system cannot be eradicated in India”. Do you agree? Comment and  Present your viewpoints with suitable arguments. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question expects us to discuss the evolved nature of caste system in India and comment on whether or not it can be eradicated because of how it has been entrenched in Indian society.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss why caste system is an implicit feature of India and can’t be done away with.

Directive:

Comment – When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading. Your opinion may be for or against, but you must back your argument with evidences.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain caste systems in India from past to present.

Body:

Write about the various changes taking place in the caste system. Talk about the greater assertion shown by the lower caste off late. Discuss the making of caste based groups in several sectors like commerce, trade, agriculture etc. Talk about the political associations formed on the lines of caste and why eradicating caste on account of these factors would be difficult.

Conclusion:

Conclude with your view on whether caste system would be eradicated in India or it is something that is tailored deep with the fabric of social life in the country.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

3. Do you agree that India needs to have an open mind on trade in an economically interconnected and technologically inseparable world? Comment and suggest measures to be taken in this aspect. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article is in the backdrop of the recent India’s international trade posture that has appeared to turn protectionist in the past week.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the need for India to have an open mind on trade in an economically interconnected and technologically inseparable world. And suggest what Indian policy makers should do to achieve the same.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the context of the question.

Body:

Explain the nature of present globalization and technological advancements in the world. Present your opinion if India should open its doors in discussing Free Trade Agreements or remain cautious about its domestic manufacturers. Discuss the probable consequences of such a move. Suggest suitable measures to be taken in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.

 

Topic:  Investment models. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4.Discuss the advantages of disinvestment as a mode for mobilization of resources for the government with recent cases. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

Union Minister of Finance recently announced that the government plans to sell a part of its holding in Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) by way of an Initial Public Offering (IPO). Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the advantages of disinvestment as a mode for mobilization of resources for the government with recent cases.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the aspects of disinvestment in general for an economy.

Body:

Disinvestment is the action of an organization or government selling or liquidating an asset or subsidiary. Disinvestment also refers to capital expenditure reductions, which can facilitate the re-allocation of resources to more productive areas within an organization or government-funded project. It is also known as divestiture; it is the opposite of an investment and is usually done when that subsidiary asset or division is not performing up to expectations. Discuss the types of disinvestments. Explain the advantages while highlighting the concerns involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of such measures to the economy.

 

Topic:  Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

5. ‘piracy is a global beast’, In this context, critically examine the challenges involved in the e-commerce sector with respect to the threats of counterfeits and piracy with special focus on India. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times

Why this question:

E -commerce in India has seen phenomenal growth over the years — from $39 billion in 2017, it is projected to rise to $200 billion by 2026. The question is in such a backdrop where the growth of the e-commerce sector is a welcome thing on one hand, the issues associated with piracy is another.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the challenges involved in the e-commerce sector with respect to the threats of counterfeits and piracy.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain why Piracy is a global beast.

Body:

One has to explain in detail the fact that – Counterfeiting and pirated goods continue to distort the virtual marketplace. E-commerce sites are regularly being used as common platforms for the sale of counterfeit goods. Whether it is online or offline, the dangers are legitimate market loss and the occupation of economic space by unauthorized and grey market operators, causing loss of revenue to the government, loss of jobs, threat to consumer safety, and growth of organised crime. Highlight and list the challenges involved. Suggest solutions to address such challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude by need to address the issue with a multi-pronged approach.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply. Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6.“Gandhi’s martyrdom was his final sacrifice in his Altar for Hindu-Muslim harmony. “Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

The question is based on the philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi and the sacrifices he made to ensure Hindu-Muslim harmony.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the contributions of Mahatma Gandhi to the Hindu-Muslim harmony of the country.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain Gandhi’s strong belief in – “To be ready even to lay down one’s life for true welfare”.

Body:

The article discusses in detail the Gandhian philosophy and the essence of it. One should take cues and explain the significance of such life lessons in preserving the religious harmony of the country. Quote situations where Gandhi applied these principles and highlight the significance.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of such key philosophy.

 

Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply. Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7.What are Moral Emotions? How are they different from basic emotions? Explain.  (250 words)

Reference: NCBI

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of moral emotions and there relevance along with the basic emotions.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the concept of moral emotions, differentiate the same with basic emotions and explain the key role played by them.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define moral emotions and their role with examples.

Body:

Moral emotions are a variety of social emotions that are involved in forming and communicating moral judgments and decisions, and in motivating behavioral responses to one’s own and others’ moral behavior. Moral emotions help to make important moral judgments by directing people’s moral choices. Discuss the relevance of these emotions. Differentiate between moral emotions and basic emotions with suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of inculcating such moral emotions to one’s life.