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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 February 2020

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 February 2020

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General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Disaster and disaster management.

1. Discuss whether the recurrent viral outbreaks can be termed as man-made disasters. Illustrate with the case of corona outbreak. (250 words)

Reference: NCBI

The Hindu

Why this question:

Recently, a new virus belonging to the Coronavirus family (now named novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV) has claimed over 200 lives in China and the numbers infected have touched 10,000 confirmed cases. As the outbreak continues to spread outside China, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared it a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (global emergency).

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss whether the recurrent viral outbreaks can be termed as man-made disasters and illustrate it with the recent onset of the Corona epidemic.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly state key facts such as the nation-wide disease surveillance programme and its assessment about such diseases in India.

Body:

Discuss what Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) is. With the case of novel coronavirus, explain the need to jack up the preparedness of the country for such disasters. Discuss the case of India with such viral outbreaks. Explain if such viral outbreaks can be owed to manmade reasons and can be categorized into man-made disasters.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions to address such concerns.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2. Developing the rural infrastructure has a direct effect on the economic growth and wellness of the country; in such a context discuss the need to have a budget inclusive of tech infrastructure to cater these areas. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu Business Line

Why this question:

The article paints a dismal picture of the allocations made for rural IT infrastructure. The question examines the context of inclusive allocation for rural India.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the need to allocate budgetary funds in terms of technology that needs to be inclusive for all the regions – urban and rural.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the Budget proposals especially from the angle of rural IT Infra.

Body:

First, Discuss the need for improving rural IT infrastructure. Explain why there is a need to ensure technology is inclusive? Discuss the role that Technology plays in bringing rural India at par with the rest of the country. Elaborate upon the policies and programs of the past that worked in this direction, highlight the lacunae.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions and need to make technology inclusive of rural India.

 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3. Along with value-added administration, the education system needs a revamp to address India’s human capital crisis effectively. Deliberate.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu Business Line

Why this question:

The article highlights the fact that Along with improved administration, the system needs an overhaul to address India’s human capital crisis effectively. Thus the context of the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the reasons that are necessitating an overhaul in the current education system of the country to address the human capital crisis.

Directive:

Deliberate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the importance of a robust education system.

Body:

Explain in detail the causes of concerns in the Indian system of education. Highlight the key issues ranging from quality of education, lack of qualified teachers, reach of schools, penetration etc. Discuss the role of administration and explain why it is important to focus on both the aspects – system and the administration.

Conclusion:

Suggest the means which are available that need to be adopted to overcome the challenges prevalent currently in the system and discuss solutions to address the same.

 

Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4. At the moment, India is one of the few countries which have major interest in international seaborne trade. In the backdrop of such a situation critically examine the role played by India in the International Maritime Organization (IMO). (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article presents a detailed analysis of case of a maritime presence adrift.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the role India has to play in International Maritime Organization (IMO) as a key player that is seeking to enhance its interest in international seaborne trade.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the importance of IMO.

Body:

Discuss in detail the India’s negligible presence and interventions in the International Maritime Organization, which is affecting its interests. Argue that it’s high time that India should regain its status as a major maritime power. Highlight the inadequate presence and interventions of India in the organization. Discuss the recent decisions in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the prospects of key role that India needs to take in the organization.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5. Why does the European Commission want a temporary ban on facial recognition technologies in public spaces? What are its implications on the use of artificial intelligence? Discuss. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why this question:

Recently, European media network EURACTIV and Politico published a story that said the European Commission is mulling a temporary ban (of up to five years) on the use of facial recognition technologies in public spaces. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the implications of such decisions and its effect on the use of AI as a technology.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what facial recognition is.

Body:

Explain the current case – Two big tech companies — Alphabet and Microsoft — have taken completely different positions on the idea. Alphabet CEO Sundar Pichai is backing it while Microsoft President Brad Smith is not. This comes even as facial recognition technologies are being increasingly adopted by individuals, organizations, and governments. Then move onto explain why does the European Commission want a temporary ban on facial recognition technologies? Discuss – how is facial recognition used in today’s world? When is it problematic?

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting way ahead; point out to a middle path to address such concerns at the same time ensuring that the benefits of the technology are not forgone.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply. Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6. Discuss Schooling as an important agent of systematic learning and inculcator of moral values for a child.(250 words)

Reference: Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the role of School in inculcating values and systematic learning in a child.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significant role played by school as an agent that ensures inculcation of values in a child.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain importance of school in child rearing in general.

Body:

The question is straightforward and there isn’t much to deliberate upon, straightly discuss first the importance of school in nurturing children. Discuss in what way schools are centres of learning and how they inculcate moral values. Quote examples to justify better.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply. Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. “Hate the sin,Love the Sinner”- Discuss the relevance of quote in today context (250 words)

“Hate the sin,Love the Sinner”- Discuss the relevance of quote in today context

Reference: Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is quotation based; the quote was given by Mahatma Gandhi.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of the quote and its relevance even today.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Give brief introduction of Gandhi’s ideology of Ahimsa (non-Violence) and Satyagraha as his unique method of protest.

Body:

Mahatma Gandhi was central figure in Indian national movement. Through his core beliefs he evolved unique methods of protest which were rooted in of Ahimsa (non-Violence) and Satyagraha. Gandhi believed that nonviolence constitutes a positive procedure for promoting worthwhile social change. Mahatma Gandhi rejected the weapons of hate and set about to discover the instrument of love for the battle of the weak against the strong. Discuss the ethical connotations of Gandhi’s pronouncement of “Hate the sin, Love the sinner”. Describe various burning conflict which can be resolved through Gandhian Methods.

Conclusion:

Gandhi’s message of ‘Hate the sin, Love the sinner’ is extremely relevant in present situation for number of global as well as domestic conflict persist and escalate because of inability to forgive and aim for permanent resolution.