Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
3. Discuss the key features of National Mission on Quantum Technologies & Applications (NM-QTA). (250 words)
Reference: News On AIR
Why this question:
The government in its budget 2020 has announced a National Mission on Quantum Technologies & Applications (NM-QTA) with a total budget outlay of Rs 8000 Crore for a period of five years to be implemented by the Department of Science & Technology (DST).
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss in detail the key features of such a mission and its ultimate goal and contributions to Science and technology of the country.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
First explain what you understand by Quantum Technology.
Quantum Technology is based on the principles of quantum theory, which explains the nature of energy and matter on the atomic and subatomic level.
Quantum computers store and process information using quantum two level systems (quantum bits or qubits) which unlike classical bits can be prepared in superposition states.
Discuss the key features of the scheme. Explain that the implementation of the mission would help develop and bring quantum computers, secured communications through fibre and free space, quantum encryption and crypt-analysis and associated technologies within reach in the country.
Conclude by reasserting the significance of such a move.