Topic: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
4. Discuss in detail the components of Cyber Security. Explain various mechanisms available at the international level to handle it.(250 words)
Why this question:
The question is straightforward and is from the static portions of the GS paper III.
Key demand of the question:
The answer must discuss the various components of Cyber Security; explain the mechanisms available at the International level to address it.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain what you understand by Cyber security.
Highlight the fact that, with recent reports – one of the highest numbers of cyber threats have been detected in India and the country ranks second in terms of targeted attacks. Although Banking and Telecom are the most attacked sectors but Manufacturing, Healthcare, and Retail have also faced a significant number of cyber-attacks.
Discus the various components of Cybersecurity – Application Security, information security, Network Security, Disaster recovery planning etc.
Then move onto explain the mechanisms available to address the threats of cybercrimes at the international level and in the country.
Conclude with a way forward.