Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
7. How to tackle the groundwater crisis in India especially keeping in view the demands of the farmer? Discuss. (250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why this question:
The article highlights the need to switch to newer approaches that are centric to farmers’ demands and yet aid addressing the groundwater crisis.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss the rising issue of groundwater crisis in India and need to recognise the fact that farmers can be centric to approaches that can resolve the issue of groundwater crisis.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
First discuss key notable facts pointing at the crisis.
Discuss why there is a crisis in the groundwater in the country.
Establish the link existing between the groundwater crisis and agriculture; explain the role played by farmers.
Explain the factors responsible for the crisis and that agriculture is a major contributor and thus any approach that aims to address this issue must centre on agriculture with farmer as a key stakeholder.
Conclude with solutions. Take hints from the articles and suggest way forward.