Topic: Disaster and disaster management.
5. Discuss in detail the Institutional Framework for Disaster Management in India. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question is direct from the static portions of GS paper III.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss in detail the Institutional Framework for Disaster Management in India.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly explain the Conceptual and Institutional Framework of Disaster Management in the country.
The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) was set up in 2005 by the Government of India as an apex body to spearhead and implement a holistic and integrated approach to Disaster Management.
NDMA has the responsibility for laying down policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management and coordinating their enforcement and implementation for ensuring preparedness, mitigation and timely and effective response to disasters.
NDMA has launched a number of initiatives to take the message of
Disaster management to all the stakeholders including community at the grassroots level.
NDMA has taken up mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction concerns in Government departments, States, Districts and civil society, School and College education, technical education, Panchayati Raj Institutions and
Urban Local Bodies. NDMA has laid down the framework of capacity building and mainstreaming DM for various disasters through its National Disaster Management Guidelines.
Conclude with way forward.