Topic: Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
3. Criminalization of politics has been a deep rooted concern in our democracy, in this context discuss the reasons causing it and comment on the landmark judgments of the apex court in addressing the issue of criminalization of politics and their effectiveness.(250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why this question:
The Supreme Court has agreed to hear a plea from the Election Commission of India (ECI) to direct political parties to not field candidates with criminal antecedents. Thus the question.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the aspects of criminalization of politics and the efforts made through various supreme court judgments to decriminalize politics.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Define what you understand by criminalization of Politics.
Discuss key facts like – The petition filed in the SC claims that 46% of Members of Parliament have criminal records. The current Lok Sabha has the highest (29%) proportion of those with serious criminal cases compared to the predecessors.
Explain the scenario; why there is ineffectiveness in the SC Judgment.
Discuss in detail the landmark judgments pertaining to the issue.
Suggest solutions as to what needs to be done.
Conclude with way forward.