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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 January 2020

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 January 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1. The Global Inequality Crisis between the rich and the poor, men and women mainly owes to a flawed and sexist economic system, Do you agree? Critically examine. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

The article provides a detailed analysis as to what extent the flawed and sexist economic system in the country has led to inequality in terms of economic status and gender.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the existing inequality globally between the rich-poor, Men-women. Quote data to substantiate better.

Body:

According to the recently released Oxfam report -This great divide in income inequality is based on a flawed and sexist economic system which has accumulated vast wealth and power into the hands of a rich few, in part by exploiting the labour of women and girls, and systematically violating their rights.

Discuss how wide the gap between the richest and the rest is.

Explain that globally, extreme poverty rates are 4% higher for women than men; this gap rises to 22% during women’s peak productive and reproductive ages; that is, 122 women aged 25-34 for every 100 men of the same age group live in extremely poor households, largely due to childcare responsibilities.

Take hints from the article and elucidate.

Suggest what needs to be done to address the issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude with urgency to change the situation and doing away of the inequality.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2. What do multiple outbreaks of Polio in the vicinity mean for India? Should India worry? Discuss the achievements made by Polio immunization programme so far and what should be the way forward.(250 words)

Reference: Indian Expess

Why this question:

The article highlights the Polio comeback in a number of countries and the repercussions it can possibly have on India.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the achievements made by Polio immunization programme so far, explain how onset of Polio in neighborhood can be worrisome to India and what should India do to overcome it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Describe the current situation of onset of Polio in several countries.

Body:

Explain that in the last one year or so, polio has made a comeback in countries such as the Philippines, Malaysia, Ghana, Myanmar, China, Cameroon, Indonesia and Iran, mostly as vaccine-derived polio infection and that all these countries had wiped the virus out at various times during the last couple of decades; some, such as Iran and Malaysia, had done so even earlier.

Explain – should India worry?

Discuss the achievements made by the Polio immunization programme of the country.

Explain where does India stand?

What precautions should India take and the lessons it should learn to overcome the possible threat of onset.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Disaster and disaster management

3. Discuss some of the key challenges faced in the India’s Disaster Response Mechanism while suggesting solutions to the same. (250 words)

Reference: VIF India

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the key challenges faced in the India’s Disaster Response Mechanism.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the key challenges faced in the India’s Disaster Response Mechanism and suggest solutions to overcome the same.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with what you understand by a Disaster and what is a Disaster Response Mechanism.

Body:

The question is straightforward and there isn’t much to deliberate.

Disaster is an event or series of events, which gives rise to casualties and damage or loss of properties, infrastructures, environment, essential services or means of livelihood on such a scale which is beyond the normal capacity of the affected community to cope with.

Discuss some of the key Disasters faced by India – ranging from floods, droughts etc.

Discuss what are the key challenges in handling the Disasters in India.

Discuss the existing response mechanism available in the country.

Narrate the key challenges involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address them.

 

Topic:   Disaster and disaster management

4. Discuss the role of technology and advancement in Disaster management.(250 words)

Why this question:

Technology is being explored with great enthusiasm in solving various problems ranging from transportation to services delivery and industrial production. In this context it is important to analyze how Technology can help in disaster management.

Key demand of the question:

The question wants us to write in detail as to how Technology and innovation can play a role and help us in disaster management.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what constitutes a Disaster.

Body:

Discuss the role of technology  in disaster management E.g. technology has proven its merit as a resource for disaster relief and preparedness;

Technology in emergency responder agencies- identify and track populations such as elderly communities or areas with high concentrations of babies and children etc.

help rescue workers identify support resources and plan logistics during emergencies, also facilitates real-time communication during a disaster, and

emergency managers use the technology to forecast how residents will react to crises;

“By seeing how residents move, by gathering data on their experiences, what worked, what did not, and then going back after the emergency is over to study the emergency response and identify weak spots.” etc.

Discuss the utility of latest technologies such as Big data, artificial intelligence etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Improving air quality in the cities requires a transformative planning approach guided by the singular objective of reducing the use of polluting vehicles. In the light of the statement above discuss and analyse the significance of India switching to new emission standards in the coming days. (250 words)

Reference: You Tube

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of the fact that BS 6 will be the new emission standard that all vehicles in the country will have to adhere to from April 1, 2020. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the context of the question in detail and explain in what way such transformative planning approach is the need of the hour to overcome the challenge of Pollution in the country.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly highlight the shift from BS IV to BS VI.

Body:

  • Discuss the current conditions of pollution in the Indian cities.
  • Explain why is it important to upgrade these norms?
  • Upgrading to stricter fuel standards helps tackle air pollution.
  • Global automakers are betting big on India as vehicle penetration is still low here, when compared to developed countries.
  • At the same time, cities such as Delhi are already being listed among those with the poorest air quality in the world. The national capital’s recent odd-even car experiment and judicial activism against the registration of big diesel cars shows that governments can no longer afford to relax on this front.
  • Discuss what steps are to be taken to address the challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude that outcome of such policies should be welcomed for the positive impact it will have on air quality and public health and more of such approaches should be taken up in future.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment, Disaster and disaster management.

6. The growing global stalemate over the climate crisis offers India the chance to focus upon the State and sub-State levels on developing its climate change action. Comment. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the prevailing climate crisis the world countries are facing and as to what should be India’s role in dealing with it by focusing upon State and Sub-State level planning and development.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the growing climate crisis in the world; explain what India should be doing to avoid the crisis in the coming future.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain with examples the ongoing climate crisis facing the world.

Body:

Discuss that the stalemate at the global level offers India the opportunity to focus earnestly on developing its climate change action at State and sub-State levels, where the environment and climate continue to be relegated to peripheral status.

Explain what will be the benefits of doing so – Attention to climate change offers co-benefits to India for development.

Elaborate upon the efforts being made by India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward for India and efforts in this direction.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Case study based

7. Suicide frequency among the youth and especially students is rising in the country. Education is to be blamed for this to a great extent. Today while education is imparting attributes needed for competition and existentialist requirements, it is failing to give us eternal values like courage, character, patience, honesty, integrity, etc. Do you agree? Give reasons.(250 words)

Reference:  Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The article is in the backdrop of the rising incidences of suicides among the youth which is mainly associated with the pressure that the education system is rendering onto it.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the case, provide for causes, analyse as to what needs to be done and suggest solutions.

Directive:

Give Reasons – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

First discuss the issue of Suicides among youth; quote facts to highlight the issue;  how it is related to lacunae in the education system.

Body:

  • Discuss the causes, symptoms of suicides among the young.
  • Mainly discuss the connection if any with the education system. Highlight the lacunae in the educational system.
  • Highlight the fact that Education is perhaps society’s most critical responsibility. Educational institutions impart knowledge to students, lay emphasis on their physical well-being and prepare them for social challenges. But unfortunately, many educational institutions and teachers are not yet fully equipped to understand the mental health issues of students.
  • Psychological concerns in children are on the rise, especially Behavioural issues and suicides. 12 per cent of Indian students between the age of 4 and 16 suffer from psychiatric disorders. 20 per cent show signs of mental disorders, out of which 2-5 per cent have serious concerns like autism or bi-polar disorder. Shockingly, every one hour a student commits suicide in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Society, parents, educational system need to join hands for the holistic well-being of children.