Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
2. Unifying post-partition India and princely states under one administration was perhaps the most important task facing the political leadership. Explain. (250 words)
Post independence India – Bipin Chandra
Why this question:
The question is direct and from the sections of GS Paper I and aims to discuss the significance of political leadership at the time of integrating post-independent India.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss the significance of political leadership at the time of integrating post-independent India in detail.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Brief upon the Condition of the India at the time of independence.
Nearly half of the Indian territory was ruled by princely states under British Paramountcy. These were protected against internal as well as external aggression by the British.
Discuss why integration was the need of the hour.
Explain the significance of unification of the country – Territorial continuity, Demand for modernization, Internal Security etc.
Discuss the contributions of various political leaders and thus the importance therefore.
Conclude with significance of single continuous territory and reassert the key role played by the political leaders then.