Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
5. Explain the key features of National Biotechnology Development Strategy 2015-2020 (NBDS) also discuss How can Biotechnology be used to address various issues in India? (250 words)
Why this question:
The question is straightforward and aims to evaluate the objectives of the National Biotechnology Development Strategy 2015-2020 (NBDS).
Key demand of the question:
Discuss the key features of the policy and its significance to the overall development of the Biotech sector in the country; also explain the applications it offers to the other sectors.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly highlight the fact that Indian Government seeks to create a US$ 100 billion biotech industry by 2025. It has launched various programs with a view to harness available human and unlimited biodiversity resources.
Discuss the objectives of the strategy in detail first.
The Strategy aims to establish India as a world-class bio-manufacturing hub. It intends to launch a major mission, backed with significant investments, for the creation of new biotech products, creates a strong infrastructure for R&D and commercialization, and empowers India’s human resources scientifically and technologically.
Explain the possible benefits it would bring to other sectors of the country.
Conclude with way forward and prospects of the sector in coming future.