Topic: Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management. Land reforms in India.
5. A comprehensive reform process in agriculture would start with a constitutional amendment that makes agriculture and water (use) a concurrent subject in the Constitution. Do you agree? Examine. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question examines the importance of making agriculture and water use a concurrent subject from the current status of being in the State list.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss the significance of agricultural reforms in the country and explain what steps need to be taken in this direction. Examine what changes and prospects do transferring the subject of agriculture from State to concurrent will have.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly highlight agri scenario in the country – Agriculture is the most important sector of Indian Economy. Indian agriculture sector accounts for 18 per cent of India’s gross domestic product (GDP) and provides employment of around 50% of the countries workforce.
Discuss that India is the world’s largest producer of pulses, rice, wheat, spices and spice products. India has many areas to choose for business such as dairy, meat, poultry, fisheries and food grains etc.
Explain that a comprehensive reform process in agriculture would start with a constitutional amendment that makes agriculture and water (use) a concurrent subject in the Constitution—there has been precedent for this in the 42nd Amendment of 1976.
The purpose of this amendment would be to provide a federal fillip to states, with a primary emphasis on water effectiveness.
This water effectiveness project will not only focus on bringing more areas under irrigation in a sustainable manner (not with capital but with a thoughtful district by district approach) but also focus on sprinkler and drip irrigation.
Conclude with way forward.