Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
2. Irrigation is pivotal to agricultural, social, economic growth of nation. Discuss in detail the benefits and concerns associated with Irrigation systems in the country.(250 words)
A Comprehensive Geography by Khullar
Why this question:
The question is from the static portions of the GS paper 3.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss the significance of Irrigation system and the concerns associated with it.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Quote first the significance of irrigation system to agriculture of the country.
Irrigation has provided stability to food production. It is critical, yet a vital input of agriculture production process. Civilizations have risen and fallen with the growth and decline of their irrigation systems, while others have maintained sustainable irrigation for thousands of years. Many of the problems in irrigated agriculture can be mitigated or avoided by improved technology and management, and by adequately addressing cultural, social, and environmental aspects.
Discuss the benefits of Irrigation in detail and the challenges/concerns posed.
Suggest what needs to be done to overcome such challenges.
Conclude that Irrigation is pivotal to agricultural, social, economic growth of nation. Irrigation has provided stability to food production.