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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 3 January 2020

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 3 January 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE


General Studies – 1


Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. India requires an integrated housing development strategy for the rural context Elucidate.(250 words)

The Hindu

Why this question:

The article narrates a detailed analysis of Provision of Urban Amenities to Rural Areas (PURA) concept that is aimed at development of rural areas.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail how the rural development aspects of the country require an integrated housing strategy.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

State some facts highlighting the scenario of Indian rural areas and the level of development therein.

Body:

In brief discuss the underlying concept of PURA.

Explain how it proves to be the framework to mitigate the country’s socioeconomic problems and create a common development platform for rural and urban areas.

Discuss the growing need for an integrated approach to resolve the rural development issues and address the challenges. Take hints from the article and discuss the associated pros and cons.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward, suggest that If India is to have a real chance to minimize the housing development divide, it requires an integrated housing development strategy for the rural context, to be implemented in “mission mode”.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1. A consummation of flawed policy proposals, the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 will refine store and trade personal information. Do you agree? Analyse.(250 words )

The Hindu

Why this question:

Article highlights the fact that in the continuing social churn and widespread citizen protests, it would seem out of place to direct thought towards issues such as data protection.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the pros and cons of the newly introduced Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. Explain in what way it is going to be a game changer.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019, which was introduced in the Lok Sabha this month, is a revolutionary piece of legislation that promises to return power and control to people in our digital society.

Body:

Briefly explain the current case of Data protection scenario being witnessed in the country.

Discuss first the positives of the Bill; highlight how it is central to several policy and political pronouncements by the present government.

Then explain the issues and challenges involved; The government is seeking to not only access data but also collect it and then exploit it — making it an active data trader for the generation of revenue to meet its fiscal goals.

 Principles in conflict-

 First, the scale of data collection is ambitious and broadly contained in the ‘Digital India’ programme.

 In the view of some technologists, this also fulfills geostrategic goals when personal data is viewed as strategic state resource. However, this poses grave risks to the right to privacy.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Data Protection Bill is not a leaky oil barrel with large exceptions, but it is a perfect one.

It will refine, store and then trade the personal information of Indians without their control; open for sale or open for appropriation to the interests of securitization or revenue maximization, with minimal levels of protection.

For this to change, we have to not only focus upon red-lining the finer text of this draft but also reframing large parts of its intents and objectives.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2. The CAA narrative is a watershed moment for the judiciary not to falter and for judges to undo the wrongs of the past. Explain in detail what is expected out of judiciary at this moment.(250 words)

Reference:

Why this question:

The question aims to discuss the role of Judiciary in interpreting the pros and cons of the CAA.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the effect of the recently passed CAA and in what way Judiciary’s role becomes important in interpreting the right and the wrong.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The recent enactments of the amendments to the Citizenship Act have left many very disturbed. The legislation itself is undoubtedly problematic and is compounded by the linkages with the National Register of Citizens (NRC).

Body:

Explain in detail the fact that the protests that have followed the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA), 2019, were not surprising, but the manner in which the protesters were treated certainly is.

 The reaction of the law and order machinery to what were essentially student-led peaceful protests has led to incidents of violence and loss of property across the country, which is terribly unfortunate.

Discuss What the Judiciary should possibly do to evaluate and infer upon the situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude that this is a watershed moment for this generation of judges to undo the wrongs done by their predecessors 40 years ago to the people of India.

 

Topic:  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. The relative decline in America’s power coupled with the rise of new and old powers point to a structural churning in the post-Cold War order. Comment.(250 words)

The Hindu

 Why this question:

Developments in 2019 suggest that the U.S.’s ability to shape global politics is clearly receding. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the changing Geopolitics around the world and  establish in what way in the world system, the core has never been static. Hegemony of a single power is temporary.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief discuss the recent happenings that justify the context of the question.

Body:

Highlight the relative decline in America’s power that was manifested through a number of crises during the year.

Discuss the trends from past to present; The U.S. is the world’s mightiest military power and arguably the centre of the post-Soviet world order. In the 1990s, the U.S.’s dominance was at its peak with international and multilateral organizations getting overshadowed by its pre-eminence. In 2001, after the September 11 terrorist attacks, it got international support for its war in Afghanistan. In 2003, the U.S. went ahead with the plan to bomb Iraq despite the UN opposition, reminding the world of imperial invasions. But the global situation is different and more complex today.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the relative decline in America’s power coupled with the rise of new and old powers point to a structural churning in the post-Cold War order. In the world system, the core has never been static. Hegemony of a single power is temporary.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Government Budgeting. Investment models.

1. Health  is a critical  sector  for  achieving  overall equitable  human  development  in  the country ,In the Indian setup the idea of Public Private Partnership can bridge  the  investment  deficit  and  improve  the  efficiency  and  outreach  of  service  delivery. Explain. (250 words)

Live Mint

Why this question:

To address shortage of qualifies doctors and bridge gap in medical education, the Niti Aayog has come out with the public-private partnership model to link new or existing private medical colleges with functional district hospital to augment medical seats.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the significance of PPP in health sector to the case of Indian scenario.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what PPP is. Then explain the context of the question.

Body:

Highlight the fact that India has a dire shortage of qualified doctors. It is practically not possible for the Central/state government to bridge the gaps in the medical education with their limited resources and finances.

Discuss the issues prevalent in Indian health sector.

Explain in what way PPP model can address the issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Government Budgeting. Investment models.

2. Budget documents aid in understanding the intention of the government, its priorities, policies and allocation of resources, In this context discuss in detail the process of budgeting followed in India.(250 words)

Indian polity by Lakshmikanth

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper III.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the process of Budget that is followed in the country and the significance of Budget documents.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss what Budget is in brief.

Body:

The question is direct and very much straight forward.

Discuss briefly the concept of Budget, the processes involved; The budget has four stages viz., (1) estimates of expenditures and revenues, (2) first estimate of deficit, (3) narrowing of deficit and (4) presentation and approval of budget.

Explain the role of Budget documents in understanding the intention of the government.

Discuss the importance of having a Budget for the government.

Use an example to substantiate your answer better.

Conclusion:

Conclude that When it comes to budgeting, identifying areas of weakness helps the government to allocate resources in a useful and sustainable manner.

Efficient, effective and bottom up budgetary processes help determine efficacy of this planned document.

 

Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

3.  What do you understand by a civic technology? Discuss in what way they can pave the way towards more progressive and democratic political systems.(250 words)

Live Mint

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of Civic technologies.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail what you understand by civic technologies and how they can pave the way towards more progressive and democratic political systems.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what a civic technology is.

Body:

Civic technology, or civic tech, enhances the relationship between the people and government with software for communications, decision-making, service delivery, and political process. It includes information and communications technology supporting government with software built by community-led teams of volunteers, nonprofits, consultants, and private companies.

Take queues from the article and explain how they can lead to more progressive and democratic political systems.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance, discuss that civic technology focuses on improving the daily lives of individuals, making the society more equitable and improving the efficiency of organizations such as the government.