2. India’s unsettled boundaries pose major problems in its policy towards its neighbors, especially China and Pakistan. Critically analyse.(250 words)
Why this question:
In a stern warning to Pakistan, new Army Chief Gen Manoj Mukund Naravane on Tuesday said India reserves the right to “preemptively strike” at sources of terror, asserting that a “new normal” in the country’s response mechanism to acts of cross-border terrorism has already been “emphatically” displayed.
Thus the question.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the disputed territories of India with its neighborhood. And need to have a policy to resolve the issues.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Discuss first the context of the question by highlighting recent turfs with neighbors.
First explain briefly the geographical extent, borders and borders in conflict with India.
Discuss then the border disputes on case by case basis; China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar etc.
It has not been possible for India to agree on the border with China since China is laying unreasonable claims on territories that have historically been India. There must be more constructive diplomatic engagement between both countries to resolve their decades-long border issues.
Regarding Pakistan, both the countries should come on the table sooner or later to discuss their contentious issues. Meanwhile, Pakistan must end any kind of support to Terrorism and its “Proxy War” on India to bring India on table to talk border issues.
Discuss the policy measures from past to present taken to resolve the problems posed in this sector.
Conclude that India should engage constructively and generously with its smaller neighbors like Nepal to deal the border issues.