1. In the context of protests against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, and the detention of minors in some instances, what does the law say about such detentions by the police? What role do commissions play? Explain. (250 words)
Why this question:
As protests against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 rocked the country over the last two weeks there have been several instances of police clashing with and detaining protesters. In several cases, those detained were minors under 18 years.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss the context in detail and the role played by different responsible commissions to ensure the rights of the citizens are protected and are unharmed.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Explain first the context of protests against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 across the country.
Discuss the role of commissions that are indirectly responsible to ensure safety of the involved protestors; in this case the minors, the juveniles.
Explain the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 has specific procedures and rules in relation to children found to be in conflict with the law.
Discuss the statutory bodies responsible for protecting the rights of children in India.
Elucidate upon the powers of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR).
Conclude with way forward.