Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
1. Equality at the workplace is a distant dream for women, with World Economic Forum (WEF) report saying that the gender gap will be closed only by 2276; do you agree that Structural discrimination has held women back in India? Analyse. (250 words)
Why this question:
The question is in the backdrop of India’s ailing rank in terms of gender equality.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss in detail the issues and the causative factors with special focus on the structural discrimination aspects that have held women back in the country.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
In short highlight the facts of the report and comment on the status of women.
Discuss first the issues that are of primary concern such as – Women are not given equal opportunities in education; they are often the primary caregivers for children and the elderly at home; they have far less mobility than men; and there is a serious issue of safety in public places.
Then explain what the structural restraints are.
Discuss that while demands for equality at the workplace have become more vocal, the gap is actually growing despite women doing well in politics, health and education.
Provide for a comparison with other countries.
Conclude with what needs to be done and how these challenges can be addressed.