Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
6. One of the parameters of assessing societal development of a country is the extent to which there has been penetration of information and communications technology (ICT); in this regard explain what do you understand by digital divide? What are its implications? Suggest measures to overcome it. (250 words)
Why this question:
The government on Tuesday announced a new ‘mission’ aimed at providing broadband access in all villages in the country by 2022, entailing investments of around ₹7 lakh crore from various stakeholders.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss the concept of digital divide; bring out the issues involved in the Indian scenario and suggest way forward.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Define what digital divide is; A digital divide is an economic and social inequality with regard to access to, use of, or impact of information and communication technologies (ICT).
Start with the significance of penetration of information and communications technology (ICT).
Discuss the impact of it on the society.
Explain that Government of India has been pursuing e-governance initiatives to bring in transparency accountability, speed in delivery of public services. Digital divide has been the major hindrance in path of these e-governance initiatives.
Provide for suggestions.
Conclude with way forward.