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The protests erupting across India since the passage of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) are a testament to the centrality of secularism as the foundational principle that binds the country together and holds the key to India’s survival as a nation. Analyse

Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

2. The protests erupting across India since the passage of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) are
a testament to the centrality of secularism as the foundational principle that binds the country
together and holds the key to India’s survival as a nation. Analyse (250 words)

Hindustan Times
The Hindu

Why this question:
The recent protests across India provides the lessons that When secularism is threatened,
multiple identities are threatened. The deathly blow that the CAA and its companion, the
National Register of Citizens (NRC), have delivered to secularism threatens the foundations of
India’s plural social fabric. When secularism is threatened, India is weakened.

Key demand of the question:
One must explain the concept of Secularism, its significance in protection of the social fabric of
India from the past till the present. The challenges posed and its implications and the way
forward.
Directive:
Analyse – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of
the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Introduction:
In brief define the concept of Indian Secularism. Explain in brief how the CAA, NRC have led to
protests across the country and North-East states in particular.
Body:
Explain about Indian Secularism in detail and its significance
 India’s unique model of secularism has so far been a successful model which is evident from
the sustained harmonious coexistence of almost all religions of the world in the country for
centuries.
 It is the principle of secularism that has bound these multiple identities and sought forms of
peaceful coexistence and tolerance.
 it is the constitutional ethos of secularism that provided the framework for these multiple
identity claims to be articulated and negotiated in the political sphere, in the first place.

 Secularism allowed India to both celebrate its many identities and defend them, when
threatened.
 Secularism offered a pathway to peace.
 And so on.
Discuss about the challenges posed by the recent CAA and NRC to secularism in India
 The amendment upends the constitutional promise of a universal, religion-neutral idea of
citizenship.
 India belonged to all, irrespective of religion. It was this conception of citizenship that
formed the foundation of our secular promise.
 You can also mention about the other challenges to principles of secularism
 And so on.
Provide measures to safeguard the secular fabric in India.
Conclusion:
Conclude with way forward.