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Conditional Funding is regarded as both an “Effective” and “Less Drastic Means”. Discuss

Topic: Ethics in International relations.

7. Conditional Funding is regarded as both an “Effective” and “Less Drastic Means”. Discuss (250
Ethics by Lexicon
The Guardian
DE Gruyter

Why this question:

In addition to its easy availability, conditional funding is regarded as both an effective and in
comparison with legal prohibitions, less drastic tool for the prevention of discrimination. Such
conditions are thought to be efficient because they increase the relative cost of the
discriminatory practice and in doing so create an economical incentive to avoid discrimination.
Key demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the challenges related to conditional funding provided to the countries in need
of funds.

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key
demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the
question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Structure of the answer

write a few introductory lines about the term conditionality. E.g. Conditionality is a concept
which describes the use of conditions attached to a loan, debt relief, bilateral aid or membership
of international organizations, typically by the international financial institutions, regional
organizations or donor countries.

Discuss the ethical issues raised by conditional funding in international arena. E.g.
 The donors shape the policy framework and strategies through impositions, seriously
undermining the rights, choices and decisions of the people to determine their own
demands and actions needed for their own development.
 Local societal diversities and local ownership are ignored.
 Policy conditions can interfere with the formation of an independent and mature democracy
and political framework.
 Democratic ownership implies mutual accountability, transparency, and participation in
policies and programmes, where both donors and governments feel equal, sharing.
 Domination by the government or the donors in the process undermines the basic principles
of democratic ownership etc.
Also, explain how conditional funding is effective. E.g.:

Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.