Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations.
Why this question:
Both India and China are expected to contribute to global economic growth in the future. India is
also transforming into a knowledge-based, skill-supported and technology-driven society. India
attaches great importance to its relations with China, a large trade partner in goods. However,
the ups and downs in the bilateral relations between India and China is a matter of concern.
Key demand of the question:
The question wants us to write in detail about India’s bilateral relations with China, the
challenges faced, the significance of bilateral relations to Asia, and the way forward.
Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key
demand of the question. we also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the
question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Structure of the answer:
write a few introductory lines about the Indo-China bilateral ties.
Firstly, discuss in brief about the common challenges posed to both the countries and Asia in
Traditional and non-traditional security threats (economic and military competition, climate
change, piracy, radical ideology, cyber threats, drug and human trafficking, and energy and
food security) have grown in magnitude.
Power, whether economic, political or military, is fractured.
Trade and technology are at the heart of a new round of competition and contestation.
Nationalism and regionalism are on the rise.
Explain how India’s bilateral relations with China, the areas of cooperation, conflicts.
Cheaper imports from China, which practices “state capitalism”, threaten domestic
manufacturing in India.
Movement of talent and the services sector, important for India, have not received
Many of these concerns are central to India’s position on the Regional Comprehensive
Economic Partnership (RCEP).
Mention the importance of peace and stability of India-China relations to Asia and world.
Amidst the downturn, Asia is witnessing the simultaneous rise of several powers.
Global engines of economic growth over the past three decades have shifted to Asia, first to
the Asia-Pacific and now, more broadly, to the Indo-Pacific region that includes South Asia.
The continent, home to over half the global population, has emerged as the new fulcrum for
geo-economic and geo-strategic realignments.
High economic growth rates across the region are accompanied by some of the highest
military expenditures in the world.
What are the measures to better the relations?
The RCEP should have a wider ambit, including trade in services.
China too should pro-actively work to ensure India’s membership.
Beyond jointly training Afghan diplomats under the “India-China Plus One” framework,
China and India could explore the potential to work together on Asian infrastructure and
connectivity development on the basis of equality and an open and transparent model
under the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
And so on
Conclusion: based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.