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What do you understand by the term ‘impeachment’ in Indian Polity? Compare and contrast the process of impeachment of the Presidents of India and the United States of America.

Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.

1. What do you understand by the term ‘impeachment’ in Indian Polity? Compare and contrast the process of impeachment of the Presidents of India and the United States of America. (250 words).

The Hindu

Why this question:

Republican Donald Trump is likely this week to become the third U.S. president to be impeached when the Democratic-led House of Representatives votes on charges stemming from his effort to pressure Ukraine to investigate political rival Joe Biden.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and aims to throw light on the impeachment process of President in India and discuss in what way it is different from that in United States.

Directive:

Compare and Contrast – Identify the similarities and differences between two or more phenomena. Say if any of the shared similarities or differences are more important than others.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining the significance of the post of President in India and in US.

Body:

Explain the term impeachment in context of Indian Polity.

ARTICLE 61 provides the procedure for impeachment of the president. The president may also be removed before the expiry of the term through impeachment for violating the Constitution of India by the Parliament of India.

Explain the procedure of impeachment in both the countries; discuss how they are different from each other. Explain the significance of the process in the respective constitution.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of impeachment in a democratic country.