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The Supreme Court has asked government to look into the feasibility of hydrogen-based tech to deal with vehicular air pollution in capital. In light of the above statement, Discuss the hydrogen fuel cells technology and its applications. Also evaluate India’s preparedness to adopt it.

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

1. The Supreme Court has asked government to look into the feasibility of hydrogen-based tech to deal with vehicular air pollution in capital. In light of the above statement, Discuss the hydrogen fuel cells technology and its applications. Also evaluate India’s preparedness to adopt it. (250 words)

Indian Express

Why this question:

Supreme Court has asked government to look into the feasibility of hydrogen-based tech to deal with vehicular air pollution in capital. India is looking closely at Japan, which has made progress in this field. The article provides deep insight into hydrogen fuel cell technology which are going to become the preferred mode of transportation in the days and years to come.

Key demand of the question :

The question expects us to explain how hydrogen fuel cells battery work. Thereafter, we need to highlight the pros and cons of technology, its possible applications. Further we need to analyse India’s steps to accept and adopt the technology to combat the pollution issues. And finally give a fair and balanced view regarding the future of these technologies.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction:

Explain that electric vehicles are the way forward because of threats of climate change

Body:

Explain how hydrogen fuel cell batteries work

At the heart of the fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) is a device that uses a source of fuel, such as hydrogen, and an oxidant to create electricity by an electrochemical process. Put simply, the fuel cell combines hydrogen and oxygen to generate an electric current, water being the only by-product. Like conventional batteries under the bonnets of automobiles, hydrogen fuel cells to convert chemical energy into electrical energy. From a long-term viability perspective, FCEVs are billed as vehicles of the future, given that hydrogen is the most abundant resource in the universe.

Discuss the pros and cons of HFC technology

Discuss the various applications of the technology.

Finally, talk about how far is India ready to adopt the FCEV technology.

Conclusion:

Give your opinion on which technology is the future and what should India do.

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