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India Skills Report 

Topics Covered:

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

India Skills Report 

What to study?

For Prelims: Key findings, top performers.

For Mains: Significance of the report.

Context: India Skills Report 2019-20 has been released.

For Prelims:

What is India Skills Report?

It is a joint initiative by PeopleStrong, a Global Talent Assessment Company, in collaboration with Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) along with partners like UNDP, AICTE, and AIU.

The report also consists of an in-depth study of employability amongst the fresh candidates joining the workforce.

Key findings:

  1. About 46.21 per cent students were found employable or ready to take up jobs in 2019, compared with 33 per cent in 2014, and 47.38 per cent in 2018.
  2. Female employability witnessed an upward trend at 47 per cent this year from 38 per cent in 2017 and 46 per cent in 2018.
  3. Most employable candidates as per the courses were MBA Students at 54 per cent as against 40 per cent in the last two years.
  4. A decline in employability was seen in BTech, Engineering. MCA graduates, Technical & Computer-related courses.

Performance of states:

Top three states in terms of employability: Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh.

Top two employable cities: Mumbai and Hyderabad.

States that registered a dip in ranking were West Bengal and Haryana, which could not make it to the top ten list.

Value addition for Mains:

Way ahead for India:

Availability of employable talent has improved over the past six years.

Prime Minister Modi’s vision of India becoming a $5 trillion economy requires increasing the per-capita income of Indians which can happen only when people get employment, which consequently demands the skills and useful talent.

To achieve that, along with the universities and colleges in India, various emerging start-ups are already using innovative technologies to facilitate skill up-gradation, job creation, internships and workforce management on their platforms.

Sources: the Hindu.