Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. . Disaster and disaster management.
5. Provided the lack of effectiveness of the current global climate policy, the alternative strategy of the low carbon social development model adopted by India and China needs more consideration. Examine. (250 Words)
Why this question:
The question is in the context of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’s 25th Conference of Parties that was held in Madrid recently.
Key demand of the question:
The article highlights the alarming concerns related to the current global climate policy and demands an analysis of what needs to be done to address the same.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
In short highlight the key facts from the article.
- Explain the key factors responsible for the failure of the current global climate policy – the world’s major emitter, the US has rejected multilateralism, premised on burden-sharing and has pulled out of the Paris climate deal. The planned emission cuts fall short of what needs to be done to contain global warming.
- The existing Nationally Determined Contributions filed under the Paris Agreement fall short. There is a yawning gap between planned emissions cuts, and what needs to be done by 2030 to contain global temperature rise at 1.5°C etc.
- Present the case of India and China and highlight some specific efforts in this direction by the two.
Conclude that by 2040 more than half of the global wealth is again going to be in Asia; the low carbon social development model adopted by India and China will become the world system, ensuring global sustainability. The alternative strategies led by India and China should now move centre stage and replace the ineffective Climate Treaty.