Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
4) Even though child mortality in India has reduced significantly, the numbers are still the highest in the world. Explain the reason behind the persistence in high rate of child mortality in the country and highlight the steps taken by the government in this regard with special focus on need for mass immunization campaigns.(250 words)
Why this question:
In 2017, 2.9 million children in India less than one year of age had not been vaccinated with the first dose, according to UNICEF. In one year, the number of unvaccinated children in India had reduced from 2.9 million to 2.3 million.
Key demand of the question:
One should present the child mortality case prevalent in India with focus on the need and relevance of Immunization to overcome the challenge of child morbidity and mortality.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
In brief highlight some facts related to child immunization and mortality equation in the country.
Explain using the case study of the measles; In 2018, measles caused an estimated 10 million cases and 1,42,000 deaths globally, according to the report published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).
Discuss the factors responsible for such a scenario.
Explain the concerns involved.
Suggest an effective strategy to resolve the situation.
Conclude with way forward.