Topic: Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
4) Women SHGs have emerged as vibrant community institutions of the poor. Examine.
Why this question:
The question is based on the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM), which is a programme for social and economic empowerment of women through community institutions of the poor.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss the importance of the Self Help Groups in women empowerment, poverty alleviation and how they have emerged as vibrant community institutions of the poor..
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
What do you understand by Self-help Groups? Then talk about how the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM) touches the lives of over 6.47 crore women who have, to date, formed 59 lakh Self Help Groups (SHGs)
Discuss about the importance of SHGs in women and rural empowerment
Then highlight the various learnings in the last 5 years of DAY-NRLM and SHG scheme
Discuss the challenges faced to realise its full potential across India.
What are the measures needed to tackle it?
Conclude with way forward.