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2) Punishments must reinforce people’s faith in the rule of law, not undermine it. Comment.

Topic:  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

2) Punishments must reinforce people’s faith in the rule of law, not undermine it. Comment.

The Hindu

The Indian Express

The Indian Express

Why this question:

The killing of the four accused of the rape and murder of the veterinary doctor by the Cyberabad police raises disturbing questions.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to look into the retributive justice awarded to the criminals and bring out how they do/ don’t indicate the dysfunctional criminal justice system in India..

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer


write a few introductory lines about the heinous rape incident of Hyderabad and the outcry of public for instant justice. With the encounter of all the 4 perpetrators of crime, entire nation has erupted in joy and supported the action of the police. This shows the inefficiency of the criminal justice system in India.


Highlight the case incidents and measures that were taken so far.

Discuss how the existing laws on sexual crimes and punishment need better application, but a recourse to brutal retribution as suggested unwisely by many is no solution.

Discuss the various ills affecting the Indian criminal justice system and bring out their relationship to mob violence. E.g The fundamental link between crime and punishment, that is the foundation of the rule of law, has been broken in affected areas for a while now. Trials take decades. Conviction rates are abysmal.

Witnesses turn hostile as a matter of routine with no adverse consequences. Forensic facilities are negligible. Prisons are overcrowded and more often than not, they serve as safe havens for well-connected gangsters to run their empires from; there simply aren’t enough policemen to police states;

the belief cutting across party lines, that the police are simply the bounden servants of the government of the day. Their primarily role is not to serve the public or uphold the rule of law, but to further the cause of the ruling party and strike terror in the heart of its political opponents etc.


based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.