Topic: agriculture and issues and related constraints
4) The government, which aims to double farmers’ incomes, cannot possibly allow the passage of the seeds bill 2019 that strikes at the very roots of farmer survival. Examine.
Why this question:
There is a draft seeds bill awaiting Parliament, which seeks to replace the old Seed Act of 1966. A law regulating seed production and trade is needed to ensure that farmers are protected against spurious seeds, and that seed producers are obliged to put only seeds of good and reliable quality on the market.
examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer
One can start off with explaining about the Parliament’s plan to introduce the new Seeds bill 2019 and how the previous two versions had created a lot of heated debates.
Highlight the objectives and provisions of the New seeds bill 2019
Discuss the rationale behind the new Seeds bill 2019.
Discuss the challenges posed by the bill.
- the Seeds Bill insists on compulsory registration of seeds. However, the PPVFR Act was based on voluntary registration. As a result, many seeds may be registered under the Seeds Bill but may not under the PPVFR Act.
- as per the PPVFR Act, all applications for registrations should contain the complete passport data of the parental lines from which the seed variety was derived, including contributions made by farmers. This allows for an easier identification of beneficiaries and simpler benefit-sharing processes. Seeds Bill, on the other hand, demands no such information while registering a new variety.
- And so on.
Provide measures to tackle the challenges posed.
Give a fair and balanced conclusion and discuss the way forward.