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Extra Neutral Alcohol (ENA)

Topics Covered:

Conservation related issues.

Extra Neutral Alcohol (ENA)

What to study?

For Prelims and mains: What is ENA? How is it regulated?

Why in News?

Alcohol manufacturers citing a shortage of domestic supplies have sought a reduction in import duty of Extra Neutral Alcohol to make it cost-effective for them to import from global markets.


What is ENA?

It is a byproduct of the sugar industry.

Formed from molasses that are a residue of sugarcane processing.

It is the primary raw material for making alcoholic beverages.


  • It is colourless food-grade alcohol that does not have any impurities.
  • It has a neutral smell and taste and typically contains over 95 per cent alcohol by volume.

Other applications of ENA:

  1. An essential ingredient in the manufacture of cosmetics and personal care products such as perfumes, toiletries, hair spray, etc.
  2. Utilized in the production of some lacquers, paints and ink for the printing industry, as well as in pharmaceutical products such as antiseptics, drugs, syrups, medicated sprays.

Sources: Indian Express.