Topic: Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
For a neoliberal style of development process, Indian government has established arrangements to involve people and voluntary groups that could complement ‘incapacities of the State’ and secure ‘bureaucratic accountability’. Discuss and substantiate your views.
Indian polity by Lakshmikant.
Why this question:
With LPG Reforms of 1991, the power of Central Governments was diminished due to privatization of many sectors. The Central and State governments started to create arrangements that could facilitate people participation and voluntary groups in development process.
Key demand of the question:
To evaluate how the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders has been increased in Governance.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly introduce the pre-LPG reforms era where the power was centralised with Central government leading to the infamous license-raj system. Then discuss about role of Government as a facilitator post-LPG era.
Discuss the initiatives taken up by Government to involve the various stakeholders
- SHG Bank-Linking Programme 1992
- National Policy Voluntary Sector, 2007 and so on.
Now discuss the measures taken in particular how these measures have helped in overcoming the ‘incapacities of the State’ and secure ‘bureaucratic accountability’.
You can take help of various examples to substantiate your arguments.
Conclude with challenges faced by these bodies and way forward.