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6) While radicalisation is the primary problem, lone-wolf terror attacks across globe points to security, intelligence and systemic failures. Examine. Suggest how India should prepare itself to avoid such attacks.

Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

6) While radicalisation is the primary problem, lone-wolf terror attacks across globe points to security, intelligence and systemic failures. Examine. Suggest how India should prepare itself to avoid such attacks.

The Hindu

IDSA

Why this question:

The recent knife attack near London Bridge that killed two and injured three others is yet another reminder of the threat lone-wolf assaults pose to public security.

Key demand of the question:

One has to talk about the various reasons for increasing lone-wolf terror attacks and the measures needed to curb such attacks.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly narrate the lone-wolf attack in London. Also explain about the instances in India and world in the past.

Body:

Explain that a lone wolf attack is undertaken by a very small group or an individual in support of a larger cause, but without the overall supervision or support of a terrorist organisation.

Discuss the causes for rising lone-wolf terror attacks.

  • Radicalization of the youth- individuals who are influenced by either perceptions of injustice and persecution.
  • Lax gun controls in some places.
  • Failure of the intelligence of State
  • Other reasons.

Give measures to tackle such incidents in India like addressing the systemic issues — making policing more efficient; strengthening the intelligence network; state agencies need to work with civil society groups as well as community leaders and have deradicalisation programmes etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude about how there is no one-stop solution to terrorism and the need for global co-operation in fighting it.

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