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Registration of political parties under Section 29A of the RP Act, 1951

Topics Covered:

Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

 

Registration of political parties under Section 29A of the RP Act, 1951

 

What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: Registration of political parties and provisions governing them, benefits of registration.

 

Context: Jannayak Janta Party of Haryana has been granted the status of a recognised State party by the ECI.

 

Registration of political parties:

Registration of Political parties is governed by the provisions of Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.

A party seeking registration under the said Section with the Commission has to submit an application to the Commission within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation as per guidelines prescribed by the Election Commission of India in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 324 of the Commission of India and Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.

 

To be eligible for a ‘State Political Party,’ the Election Commission has set the following criteria:

For any political party to be eligible for recognition as a State Party in a state, it has to satisfy any of the five conditions listed below:

  1. Secure at least 6% of the valid vote & win at least 2 seats in an Assembly General Election.
  2. Secure at least 6% of the valid vote & win at least 1 seats in a Lok Sabha General Election
  3. Win at least 3% of the seats or at least 3 seats , whichever is more, in an Assembly General Election
  4. Win at least 1 out of every 25 seats from a state in a Lok Sabha General Election
  5. Secure at least 8% of the total valid vote in an Assembly or a Lok Sabha General Election.

 

Benefits:

  • If a party is recognised as a State Party’, it is entitled for exclusive allotment of its reserved symbol to the candidatesset up by it in the State in which it is so recognised, and if a party is recognised as a `National Party’ it is entitled for exclusive allotment of its reserved symbol to the candidates set up by it throughout India.
  • Recognised `State’ and `National’ parties need only one proposer for filing the nomination and are also entitled for two sets of electoral rolls free of cost at the time of revision of rolls and their candidates get one copy of electoral roll free of cost during General Elections.
  • They also get broadcast/telecast facilities over Akashvani/Doordarshan during general elections.
  • Political parties are entitled to nominate “Star Campaigners” during General Elections. A recognized National or State party can have a maximum of 40 “Star campaigners” and a registered un-recognised party can nominate a maximum of 20 ‘Star Campaigners”.
  • The travel expenses of star campaigners are not to be accounted for in the election expense accounts of candidates of their party.

 

Sources: pib.

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