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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 November 2019

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General Studies – 2


Topic: Indian Constitution– historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. 

1) “Interpretation of the Constitution is a work in progress.” Comment. (250 words)

Indian polity by Lakshmikant

 

Why this question:

The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the Constitutional Day celebrations organized by Supreme Court to mark the 70th Anniversary of the adoption of our constitution.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse in what way the process of interpretation of Indian constitution is a work in progress.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Highlight the mechanisms that allow interpretation of the Indian constitution.

Body:

Explain the role of Judiciary and the parliament, explain in what way they interpret the Indian constitution continuously and explain the role played by them in different cases (examples).

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

2) Discuss how National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) institution has evolved over time? Elaborate upon its objectives and responsibilities. (250 words)

Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and from the static portions of the GS paper II. From Polity section.

Key demand of the question:

One must elaborate upon the objectives and responsibilities of National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) institution while tracing the evolution of the same.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief introduce about NCST.

Body:

One must briefly introduce the coming of NCST.

Explain its origin and its evolution.

Discuss its objectives in detail and what is it upto.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

3) The Governor’s meddling with the democratic process is both genuine and on-going. In this backdrop, critically examine if the constitutional post of the Governor serves any valid purpose. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The actions of the Maharashtra Governor have invited scrutiny with the way the office of the Governor worked over the appointment of Chief Minister. The question is amidst the challenging role that Governor post has been facing off late in the Indian political setup.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the role of Governor in detail and examine the constitutional aspects of it as to what extent is it successful.

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly indicate the recent situations witnessed by Governors of the different states in the country.

Body:

Explain with recent examples and critically examine if the constitutional post of the Governor serves any valid purpose. 

Discuss the constitutional roles and responsibilities.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.


Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) With India at the heart of a web of the illicit trade of gold, and threads spanning the globe and almost certainly financing conflict and corruption, Discuss how the authorities must take action to remove incentives for gold smuggling and ensure the gold industry implements due diligence. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

International non-government organization IMPACT, in its latest report, has said that India has become one of the largest gold smuggling hubs in the world. It is headquartered in Canada.

Key demand of the question:

Highlight the issue of illegal Gold trade and explain how it leads to conflicts and corruption in the country. Discuss the concerns and methods to address the issue.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the current situation highlighted by the report.

Body:

Explain the following aspects :

Gold possibly tied to conflict, human rights abuses and corruption in Africa and South America is entering legal international markets through India, said IMPACT, in a statement.

Actors across India’s gold industry are failing to do proper checks on where gold comes from to ensure it’s not financing conflict and human rights violations.

The report said that one-third of the world’s gold passed through India, identifying three primary factors for smuggling: tax breaks, falsified origin documents and complicit allies.

To boost India’s refinery sector, the government had introduced tax breaks in 2013 for unrefined gold. According to the report, this led to traders covering up questionable provenance claims by falsifying documentation to take advantage of lower taxes. The import of unrefined gold shot from 23 tonnes in 2012 to over 229 tonnes in 2015.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

5) Extremism originating from the region can be fought successfully if the historical and sociological reasons for it are suitably addressed. Do you agree? Elucidate. (250 words) 

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The article brings out a report  that highlights the fact that Pakistan

failed to “significantly limit” Punjab militant outfits like the Lashkar

And the Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) which has posed significant threats to India’s security interests.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain in what way extremism originating from the region can be fought successfully if the historical and sociological reasons for it are suitably addressed.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief highlight the situation.

Body:

First explain what the reasons for increased militancy are in this region.

Discuss that Political marginalization, weak governance, economic neglect and glaring income inequity are also some of the main reason violent extremism in this region.

Discuss what needs to be done to overcome it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions.


Topic:  Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

6) While ISRO’s credentials as a poster child for India’s technological abilities have been fortified, it still has a long way to go in terms of its reputation as an enabler of local business. Discuss.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The Indian Space Research Organization’s successful launch on Wednesday of Cartosat-3, along with 13 other small U.S. satellites, marks a major technological milestone for India. 

Key demand of the question:

One must analyse the future of ISRO owing to aspects of commercialistion.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the achievements of ISRO.

Body:

Explain that While satellite launches make for a good spectacle, they are meaningful only in so far as they aid commerce and generate revenue and jobs. Indian regulations restrict access to satellite images sharper than one meter to the government. Other than for transponders, there is a long way to go for Indian private companies sending innovative payloads aboard ISRO launch vehicles. ISRO recently launched a company called New Space India Limited (NSIL), a competitor to Antrix, but like it, is another public enterprise meant to commercialize space products and satellite development deals with private entities.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done and suggest way forward.


Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

7) The growing intensity of wildfires and their spread to new corners of the globe raise fears that climate change is exacerbating the dangers. Explain how the recent reports commemorate the above fact.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

As the leaders of the world’s nations assemble in Madrid for the 2019 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP25) beginning December 2, recent news on the global fight against climate change has been consistently disappointing.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the growing intensity of wildfires and their spread to new corners of the globe raise fears that climate change is exacerbating the dangers.

Quote the significance of the reports highlighting the same.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the coming of recent reports that have highlighted the alarming situations across the world.

Body:

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) flagship Emissions Gap Report, which went online on Tuesday (November 26), said in its executive summary: “The summary findings are bleak. Countries collectively failed to stop the growth in global GHG emissions, meaning that deeper and faster cuts are now required.”

Despite scientific warnings and political commitments, GHG emissions continue to rise, including by China and the United States, the two biggest polluters.

GHG emissions have risen at a rate of 1.5 per cent per year in the last decade, stabilizing only briefly between 2014 and 2016.

Although the number of countries announcing net zero GHG emission targets for 2050 is increasing, only a few countries have so far formally submitted long-term strategies to the UNFCCC. 

Discuss what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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