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RSTV: THE BIG PICTURE- BRICS: FOCUS ON TERRORISM


RSTV: THE BIG PICTURE- BRICS: FOCUS ON TERRORISM


Introduction:

BRICS member states have urged for concerted efforts to fight terrorism in accordance with the international law. The declaration at the end of the 11th BRICS summit stressed on the need to tackle the misuse of information and communication technologies for terrorist activities and combating illicit financial laws. Speaking at the plenary session of the summit Prime Minister Narendra Modi said terrorism has caused loss of approximately 1 trillion dollars to the world economy and 2.25 lakh people have lost their life due to terror acts in over a decade.

 

India participated in a recently held 11th BRICS Summit 2019, where a total of 5 countries took part to discuss various factors that will affect the world economy. BRICS is an acronym for the grouping of the world’s leading emerging economies, namely Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. BRICS officially came into existence in the year 2010. BRICS comprises 42.58% of the world’s population, has 50% of the global economic growth, around 17% of the world trade and 13.24 of the World Bank voting power

 

11th BRICS Summit:

  • The 11th BRICS Summit convened in Brasília, Brazil. The 2019 Brazilian Presidency focused on the theme, ‘BRICS: Economic Growth for an Innovative Future’.
  • The BRICS countries, Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa, convene for a BRICS Leaders’ Summit annually.
  • Discussions focus on spheres of political and socioeconomic coordination, in which member countries have identified business opportunities, economic complementarities and areas of cooperation.
  • The new areas of BRICS cooperation spearheaded by Brazil, are: strengthening of cooperation on science, technology and innovation; enhancement of cooperation on digital economy; invigoration of cooperation on the fight against transnational crime, especially against organized crime, money laundering and drug trafficking; and encouragement to the rapprochement between the New Development Bank (NDB) and the BRICS Business Council.

 

India’s stand in the BRICS Summit 2019

  • India put forward the concern of increasing terrorism in the world.
  • As per PM Modi’s speech in the summit, the menacing threat of terrorism has caused the world economy of huge value of $1 trillion.
  • He proposed various steps that are needed to be taken in to account in order to overcome this loss.
  • India invited the leaders of the participating countries to invest in India’s infrastructure development which will eventually help in increasing the trade participation of India.
  • India also proposed to hold the first meeting of BRICS Water Ministersin India.

Terrorism and analysis:

  • A key focus of the BRICS summit this year will be on cooperation on countering terrorism.
  • The five countries will aim to “build mechanisms for counter-terrorism cooperation within the BRICS framework.”
  • The year the BRICS joint working group on counter-terrorism has decided to constitute five sub working groups on counterterrorism in the areas of terrorist financing, use of Internet for terrorist purposes, countering radicalization, issue of foreign terrorist fighters and capacity-building.
  • India is expected to be named the chair of the subgroup on use of internet for terrorist purposes.
  • The Summit will be an opportunity for India to lay the groundwork for hosting the 2021 Summit scheduled in India.
  • Asserting that terrorism and organised crimes harm trade and businesses, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday expressed hope that efforts by BRICS member countries will give a thrust to security cooperation against the menaces.
  • “The atmosphere of doubt created by terrorism, terror financing, drug trafficking and organised crime harms trade and businesses. I am happy that the first seminar on BRICS Strategies for Countering Terrorism was organised. We hope that such efforts and activities of five sub-working groups will increase strong BRICS security cooperation against terrorism and other organised crimes,” he said while addressing the plenary session of the BRICS summit here.
  • The Prime Minister said that 2.25 lakh people have lost their lives due to terrorism in the last 10 years.
  • “According to estimates, there has been a loss of USD 1 trillion economy. This has also reduced the economic growth of developing countries by 1.5 per cent,” he noted.
  • Ban on all groups regardless of country of operation, cut off access to funds and safe havens.
  • Prosecution of all groups including cross border groups.
  • Amending domestic laws to make cross-border terror an extraditable offence.
  • There was no change in the five countries most impacted by terrorism, which include Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Syria and Pakistan. All of these countries have been ranked in the worst five every year since 2013.
  • There are numerous possible reasons for this difference. Countries in conflict have a greater availabilityof more military-grade small arms and bomb-making capabilities.
  • Countries that are not in conflict tend to be more economically-developed and spend more on intelligence gathering, policing and counterterrorism.\
  • The world community must address contradictions in the War on Terror. For 20 years, the world has failed to agree on a common definition of terrorism at the United Nations.
  • Unless the world is truly united on the issue and resolves such contradictions, the global War on Terror will only be as strong as its weakest link.
  • The success or failure of each of these approaches must be studied before deciding their applicability elsewhere.

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