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6) India being one of the most flood affected nations in the world requires strong and healthy coordination between Centre and States for long term flood management. Analyse.(250 words) 

Topic:Disaster and disaster management.

6) India being one of the most flood affected nations in the world requires strong and healthy coordination between Centre and States for long term flood management. Analyse.(250 words) 

Financialexpress

 

Why this question:

The article highlights the fact that Floods constitute 52% of all natural disasters in India. Thus the question aims to assess the need and significance of coordination between Centre and States for long term flood management in the country.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the importance of coordination between Centre and States for long term flood management.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief quote data suggesting the flood scenario in the country.

Body:

Explain that As per the National Emergency Response Centre (NIDM), 1,614 people were killed and 1.8 million displaced (as on September 25, 2019) in 14 states. Widespread floods have also damaged crops, houses and infrastructure.

India is one of the most flood-affected nations in the world, after Bangladesh. Floods constitute 52% of all natural disasters in India, and the costliest as well, with over 63% of all damages attributed to it. Between 1980 and 2017, 70,901 people were killed, 1,395 million affected, and 56 million houses damaged due to floods.

Discuss the causative factors, suggest what methods are required to overcome them and highlight the importance of healthy relations between centre and state to overcome the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

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