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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 26 November 2019

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General Studies – 2


Topic:  Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

1) “Power grab has become the sin quo non for political parties in determining their actions rather than anything else. “Comment in the backdrop of recent furore of politics in Maharashtra.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

In brief state that In the recently concluded Maharashtra elections, no party secured absolute majority to form a government.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects one to highlight the ongoing political turmoil in the Maharashtrian politics and the unconstitutional and amoral methods in which the situation was carried out.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

State the context of the question briefly.

Body:

Explain the situation in Maharashtra politics.

Discuss the concerns associated with such developments in the Politics of the state.

Explain why situation was taken in unconstitutional manner; The role of the President of India and also governor of state in this case also appears to

Be partisan which undermines the constitutional character of their office.

Explain what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the pursuit of power that is inspired by amoral reasons can hamper the quality of democracy in India.


Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

2) “If big money entirely funds elections in a secretive way, democracy as we know it will not exist.” Analyse and explain the role of electoral bonds in the above stated context.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The recent disclosures that the Election Commission (EC) and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had expressed reservations about the Electoral Bonds scheme highlight the importance of this issue. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain what is the issue associated with big funds for elections and the role that electoral bonds play, present pros and cons of allowing secretive funding and what needs to be done to put a check onto it.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the need for electoral funding.

Body:

Explain first the available routes prevalent in India for electoral funding.

Then move onto discuss that today, India spends more on elections than the U.S. with a per capita GDP that is 3% of the U.S.

Explain the role that electoral bonds play.

Suggest issues and what remedies can be provided to tackle them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

3) Highlight the powers and functions of the Election Commission of India (ECI). Also, discuss the issues regarding the independence and impartiality of the ECI. (250 words)

 Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper II.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain the powers and functions of the Election Commission of India (ECI) and discuss the issues regarding the independence and impartiality of the ECI.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief introduction about Election Commission of India (ECI).

Body:

Highlight its administrative, advisory and quasi-judicial powers and functions.

State the provisions regarding the Commission’s independence and discuss various issues surrounding it.

Conclusion:

Conclude that it is essential to impart requisite institutional protection and independence so that public faith in the EC is strengthened.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

4) Discuss the framework of the security forces in India. List the security agencies in India and their respective mandates.(250 words) 

The hindu

Reference

Why this question:

The article highlights the attempt that is underway to shift the operational control of Assam Rifles from the Army to the Home Ministry.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and one must discuss in detail the framework of the security forces in India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the internal security scenario of the country.

Body:

Provide for a detailed overview of the system works, straightaway list the security agencies in India and their respective mandates.

Explain that there are external and internal threats to security of India and different specialized forces of India deal with these threats. The external threats are handled often by the Armed Forces under the Ministry of Defence, while internal threats are managed by the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Conclusion:

Conclude with their significance.


Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5) What is preventive precision medicine? Discuss in what way it can help India address inequities in healthcare system.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses the relevance of mapping genes to the Indian healthcare system.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the concept of preventive precision medicine and its utility to Indian healthcare system.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the concept of precision medicine.

Body:

Discuss the concept – It is an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person.

Take hints from the article and explain in what way can help and aid the health system of India.

Quote examples to signify the utility of such an idea.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its relevance to Indian health system.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

6)  “The world perishes not from bandits and fires, but from hatred, hostility and sheer apathy”. Comment.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is quotation based and tends to analyse the effect of negative emotions on the society.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain how the harmful effects of harboring negative emotions far outweigh the harm done by physical acts of theft or loss of material possessions.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Open up the quote in the question statement and explain its meaning.

Body:

Bring out the underlying theme of statement – State how harm done by harboring negative emotions is much greater than done by any physical harm.

Explain through examples/illustrations how negative emotions are detrimental.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a suitable way forward suggesting a framework to address it


Topic: Case study based question

7) You are the NSA under Govt. You have been asked by Govt to give pragmatic advice to deal with the menace of state sponsored cross border terrorism from the neighbouring country. Govt. does not want to go for war with the neighbouring country given that both are nuclear powers. Also modernisation of armed forces is still a pending task. On the other hand, there is pressure on Govt from opposition and civil society to cut down defence budget and focus on social sector, especially along border areas. Local population, especially youth is disenchanted due to this menace and loss of life and property. In this context.Identify ethical issues pertaining to this case. What steps would you suggest to the deal with the situation? Discuss.(250 words)

 Ethics by Lexicon publications

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief gist of the case study.

Body:

The case study is about cross-border terrorism leading to loss of life of innocent civilians and the martyrdom of security forces. This brings up many associated issues like the appropriate response to this kind of terrorism given the constraints of nuclear environment. 

Discuss the ethical issues involved in detail.

Suggest steps that need to be taken considering the above issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions and way ahead.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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