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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 November 2019

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General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

1) Elaborate upon the recent changes made in the Industrial Relations Code Bill, 2019, also explain why has industry welcomed it, and what are the issues that its critics have flagged?(250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

The Union Cabinet recently approved The Industrial Relations Code Bill, 2019, which proposes to amalgamate The Trade Unions Act, 1926, The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946, and The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947. 

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the Industrial Relations Code Bill and explain in what way it’s a welcome step and explain its criticism.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the coming of Industrial Relations Code Bill; The industrial relations code is the third out of four labour codes that have got approval from the cabinet. The Labour Code on Wages has already been approved by Parliament in August while the Labour Code on Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions has been referred to the standing committee of labour.

Body:

Explain that the code combines Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, the Trade Unions Act, 1926, and the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946.

Discuss the key features of the bill and Highlight the implications.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the importance of the bill that in a fresh breather it brings dignity to the labor.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) “Mother tongue is a tool of expression, the carrier of culture. It must be the medium of instruction, at least at the primary level, to preserve India’s cultural diversity and heritage”. Analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article explains that with India being a linguistic treasure-trove, a nation widely acknowledged for its extraordinary linguistic and cultural diversity. The plurality and co-existence of multiple languages add color and vitality to our country and make it unique.

Key demand of the question:

Elucidate upon the linguistic diversity of the country and importance of the mother tongue as a tool of expression.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief take hints from the article and bring out the linguistic and cultural diversity in the country.

Body:

First explain the relevance of mother tongue with respect to child pedagogy.

Explain the pros and cons of having primary education in mother tongue.

Discuss its applications – in development of child, in education, Better connection with your culture, Intellectual Development, Commercial benefits, the Pride and in establishing identity of a particular society.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

3) Give an account of the composition and functions of the Finance Commission as mentioned in the Constitution of India.(250 words)

Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is based on the functioning of the Finance commission as enshrined in the constitution.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the composition and functions of the Finance Commission in detail.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Highlight the value that FC holds in the constitutional and the setup of Indian polity.

Body:

Briefly mention the constitutional status of Finance Commission and its composition.

Discuss its major functions as mentioned in the constitution.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of Finance commission.


Topic:Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

4) Explain the principle of subsidiarity, its importance and discuss how the 73rd constitutional amendment act tries to achieve it.(250 words)

 Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

 

Why this question:

The question is based on the principle of subsidiarity as followed in the Indian polity system.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the concept of principle of subsidiarity and explain its significance and discuss in what way 73rd constitutional amendment act tries to achieve it.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Introduce by briefly explaining the principle of subsidiarity.

Body:

Explain its importance for democracy, efficiency and effectiveness of administration as well as accountability in brief.

Discuss how the 73rd constitutional amendment act tries to achieve the principle. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic: issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

5) Discuss the scope & challenges of aquaculture in India.(250 words) 

Reference

Why this question:

The question is based on the aspects of aquaculture.

Key demand of the question:

One must present a detailed discussion on the scope & challenges of aquaculture in India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define Aquaculture and provide certain facts regarding the aquaculture in India. 

Body:

Aquaculture (aqua farming) means farming of aquatic organisms in both coastal (saltwater) and inland (freshwater) areas. As per FAO, aquaculture in India accounts for 85% of the total fish production. 

Write about the scope of aquaculture in India and then in brief mention about the challenges associated with it. 

Discuss the steps taken by the government in this direction like Matsya Sampada Yojna etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward to tackle the above challenges and the prospects it holds for the economy in future.


General Studies – 4


Topic: corporate governance.

6) What are the diverse ethical challenges confronting corporates today? How focus on corporate ethics and corporate governance can help in addressing these challenges? Elucidate.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based upon the concept and relevance of corporate governance.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the diverse ethical challenges confronting corporates today and in what way focus on corporate ethics and corporate governance can help in addressing these challenges.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define corporate ethics, corporate governance 

Body:

Corporate ethics is defined as the way in which a company behaves towards and conducts business with its internal and external stakeholder, including employees, investors, creditors, customers and regulators. 

Corporate governance is the system of rules, practices and processes by which a firm is directed and controlled. 

Discuss then the diverse ethical challenges confronting companies today; Fundamental Ethical Issues, Lack of professional ethics, Conflict of interest, Corruption and Nepotism etc.

Explain in what way corporate ethics and corporate governance can help in addressing these challenges. 

Conclusion:

Conclude that Corporate ethics is not only a process for integrating values but also it is parameter to assess the impact of corporate on environment and community. So it promotes sustainable and inclusive development. Hence corporate ethics and corporate governance is an urgent need for companies of 21st century.


Topic:  Emotional intelligence.

7) Explain giving examples the relevance of Emotional intelligence in complex and challenging environment characterized by frequent policy changes.(250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question:

The article brings out a brief discussion upon the topic of emotional intelligence and its bearing in general.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the relevance of Emotional intelligence in complex and challenging environment characterized by frequent policy changes with suitable examples and case studies.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define EI – emotional intelligence is the capacity for recognizing our own feelings and those of others, for motivating ourselves, and for managing emotions well for us and our relationships. 

Body:

Explain relevance of emotional intelligence in time of frequent policy changes and stress, with suitable examples. 

Elaborate upon the key components of EI.

Explain that Reforms come with various policy changes and sometimes such policy changes are very frequent creating stress for public servants. In such complex and challenging environment, Emotional Intelligence (EI) holds great relevance to ensure compliance with process as well as work efficiency of a public servant.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need of emotional intelligence in every walk of life and assert its significance with special focus on the aspects of public services.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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