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Smart Safety Surveillance, or 3S, programme

Topics Covered:

  1. Issues related to health.


Smart Safety Surveillance, or 3S, programme


What to study?

For Prelims: What is 3S programme?

For Mains: Need for implementation in India, significance, challenges and ways to address them.


Context: The central government is planning to expand the reach of the Smart Safety Surveillance, or 3S, programme.

This is being done to optimize post-marketing surveillance of priority drugs and vaccines, and ensure the vaccines distributed under the universal immunization programme are safe.


What is 3S project?

The 3S project was recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), considering the limited safety data on vaccines introduced in India. 

As part of the 3S project, India is evaluating the recently-introduced rotavirus vaccines. It is also trying to strengthen the collaboration among key stakeholders, such as ministry of health and Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO), to ensure high levels of vigilance.


Need for and significance of this programme for India:

  • According to the ministry of health and family welfare, new medical products often enter the market with limited safety data from clinical trials, which evaluate small controlled populations. Therefore, for immunization programmes, post-marketing safety surveillance is essential to monitor the risk-benefit profile of a product in the wider population.
  • WHO has been prodding countries to adopt the 3S programme, with the support of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, to strengthen pharmacovigilance systems in developing nations.


Sources: the Hindu.