Print Friendly, PDF & Email

1) India’s fiasco to convert its victory of the 1971 war into a long-lasting peace in the region via the Shimla Agreement of 1972 is a case of missed opportunity. Examine. (250 words)

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1) India’s fiasco to convert its victory of the 1971 war into a long-lasting peace in the region via the Shimla Agreement of 1972 is a case of missed opportunity. Examine. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

November 19, 2019 marked the 102nd birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Thirty-five years after her death, she continues to be regarded as the most courageous and decisive leader India has had. Her time in office was marked by epoch-making achievements, including the swift and successful prosecution of the war with Pakistan in 1971. 

Key demand of the question:

One must provide for a detailed analysis of the Shimla agreement of 1972 post war of 1971 and explain in what way it proved to be a missed opportunity.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short discuss about the Shimla agreement.

Body:

Explain that the Agreement was the result of the resolve of both the countries to “put an end to the conflict and confrontation that have hitherto marred their relations”. It conceived the steps to be taken for further normalization of mutual relations and it also laid down the principles that should govern their future relations.

Then move on to explain what the concerns around the agreement are.

Discuss why the agreement brought disadvantageous peace for India.

Conclusion:

Conclude that India’s failure to convert India’s victory in the 1971 war into a durable peace will continue to bear its consequences on India-Pakistan relations, one of them being India having to confront a nuclear Pakistan.

This should serve as a learning lesson for India in future relations with its neighbor.

CategoriesINSIGHTS