Topic: Role of women, women empowerment
1) “In theory, India’s position on abortion is progressive. In practice, the law is flawed and punishes women”, to what extent do you think the statement is right in saying so about woman’s autonomy with respect to reproductive rights? Analyse.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article presents a detailed critical analysis of the MTP Act that ignores the socioeconomic implications of childbirth, placing women under intense physical, mental, and social duress.
Key demand of the question:
One must critically analyse the laws prevalent in the country that regulate abortions and in what way they are not clear on the reproductive rights of the women and what needs to be done.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
In brief narrate the position of women with respect to reproductive rights in general in the Indian societal setup.
Explain why India’s progressive stance on abortion is not practical as it doesn’t allow women the autonomy to decide.
Discuss the features of Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act and highlight the lack of objectivity in it; The Act treats MTP as a public health issue, focusing more on its impact on family planning and potential criminal proceedings against medical professionals, while ignoring women and their right to choose.
Discuss in detail the causative factors of lack of such rights to women.
Suggest what needs to be done.
Conclude with suitable solutions.