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2) What is separation of powers in the Constitution? Discuss the concept of checks and balances reflected in Indian Polity.(250 words)

Topic: Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

2) What is separation of powers in the Constitution? Discuss the concept of checks and balances reflected in Indian Polity.(250 words)

 Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is from static portions of GS paper II.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the concept of separation of powers as enshrined in our constitution and explain in detail the philosophy of checks and balances.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what you understand by separation of powers. 

Body:

Explain separation of powers, then discuss checks and balances It is a system by which no organ of the government abuses its own power. Checks and balances ensure that one organ does not become all too-powerful.

Discuss how it is different from the western notion of separation of power.

Highlight the significance using examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the importance of these concepts in the Indian constitution.

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