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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14  November 2019

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General Studies – 2


Topic:  Indian Constitution– historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. 

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1) Do you think the Ayodhya issue has proved to be a tale of demolition and restoration of India’s secular fabric? Present your view point while throwing light upon the verdict of the apex court.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article provides for an analysis of the Ayodhya issue.

Key demand of the question:

The question emphasizes upon the secular nature of the country that was exhibited in the context of Ayodhya.

Directive:

Comment

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain the secular nature witnessed in the country.

Body:

Discuss in what way the response of the majority community after SC’s order is a welcome change.

One must provide for a perspective as to How will history look back to the days of 6 December 1992 and 9 November 2019? Then explain importance that Indians place on Ayodhya.

Reflect the past communal conflicts and the recent maturity of the population that has been sited post the verdict.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the unity in diversity aspects of the country.


Topic:Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply. Therein.

2) Unequal development among states and within states have led to problems like migration, substandard quality of life and led to competitive federalism, it has also further increased gap between developed and underdeveloped states. Do you think formation of small states would address this problem in India? Analyse. (250 words)

Indian Polity by Laxmikanth

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of polity section.

Key demand of the question:

Answer demands benefits of smaller states and are they solution to problems which India is now suffering now.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Quote facts and figures from world inequality report 2018 or state human development report by UNDP to understand gravity of problem.  

Body:

Discuss what benefits of small states are; explain how they would help in inclusive and equitable Governance.

Then write what are disadvantages of small states and how they will give rise new problems.

Provide suitable examples from the recent times. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving suggestions like strengthening grassroot democracy by bringing amendments to 73rd &74th CAA. Write strengthening of Charter act, RTI etc.


Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply. Therein.

3) PESA seeks to empower Gram Sabhas in scheduled areas to emerge as effective institutions of self-governance. Critically evaluate the performance of PESA.(250 words)

Indian Polity by Lakshmikanth

Why this question:

The question aims to ascertain the performance of PESA and its significance in fostering self-governance to local government.

Key demand of the question:

One has to first elaborate briefly upon the PESA and explain how and in what way it empowers Gram Sabhas and also evaluate the performance of PESA.

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

On the basis of recommendation of Bhuria Commitee 1994 , Parliament under Article 243M (4) enacted PESA to extend 73rd and 74th Amendment provisions to scheduled area.

Body:

Set the context of the question by discussing the statement briefly and explain how it empowers Gram Sabha.

The important part of the question is to evaluate the performance of PESA. So discuss the issues associated with the act. Discuss the concept of Village, Superficial decentralization, apathy of administration, lack of grievance redressal mechanism, issue related regarding with release of funds/grants etc. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the significance and saying that PESA has been a commendable step that decentralizes the powers and make India an India of Gandhi’s dream.


Topic:Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

4) Social audits help in tying together the gap between policy goals and results. Discuss.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses the significance of social audit in general and explains in what way it can bridge the gap between policy objectives and outcomes.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the objectives of social audit, salient features and explain with suitable examples its significance and relevance.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In first, define what social audit is.

Body:

In the answer body Highlight the role of Social Audit in bridging gap between objectives stated in policy and desired outcomes.

Explain the salient features – social audit is a way of measuring, understanding, reporting and ultimately improving an organization’s social and ethical performance. A social audit helps to narrow gaps between vision/goal and reality, between efficiency and effectiveness.

It is a technique to understand, measure, verify, report on and to improve the social performance of the organization.

Discuss other aspects using examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the Social Audit process is intended as a means for social engagement, transparency and communication of information, leading to greater accountability of decision-makers, representatives, managers and officials.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5) Discuss major fast-evolving ethical conundrums of biotechnology in detail. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article discusses the ethical concerns associated with our capacity to re-engineer the biological world.

Key demand of the question:

Examine the pros and cons associated with the progress and achievements fast being made in the Biotechnology.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate progress that Biotechnology has made so far.

Body:

Explain that in the information technology world, we have seen an explosion of Artificial Intelligence, automation, blockchains and data science tools in the last few years. All of these technologies, while distinct in their approach, actually cross-pollinate each other.

 The world’s denizens and their governments have rightly started to worry about issues such as data privacy, control over fiat currencies, job losses and widening income disparities.

Discuss the ethical questions that have arisen.

Conclusion:

Suggest what should be the way forward and how can this conundrum be faced.  


Topic Issues relating to intellectual property rights.

6) “Conservation of plant genetic resources is the shared responsibility of humanity”, do you agree with the statement? Discuss and give your opinion with suitable justifications.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

Union Agriculture Minister Shri Narendra Singh Tomar attended the 8

Governing Body of International Treaty of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in Rome, Italy. Thus the question from the perspective of GS paper III.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the significance of Conservation of plant genetic resources  and discuss in what way it is the shared responsibility of humanity.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief suggest that farming is the backbone of the socio-economy of India, where crop biodiversity is part and parcel of life.

Body:

Explain first the significance of plant genetic resources in general.

Briefly highlight the diversity of plant genetic resources present in the country (provide for some statistics and draw map of India and show depictions for the same).

Then explain in detail why conservation of plant genetic resources is the shared responsibility of humanity.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:   Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

7) Internet diffusion can act as a multiplier effect on empowerment of human beings and also for country’s growth. Examine the statement in the context of India’s digital advancement with suitable best practices.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question seeks to examine the multiplier effect that the internet penetration in the country has on the demography. 

Key demand of the question:

Explain the multiplier effect in detail, discuss the effect with examples and explain its contributions in different sectors.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the current diffusion of internet in the country.

Body:

Give a brief introduction about the status of digital penetration in India and the importance of it.

Explain the reasons for low penetration and the gap existing between men and women, villages and towns etc.

Suggest steps to be taken in this regard.

Explain the benefits and disadvantages associated.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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