Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply. Therein.
3) PESA seeks to empower Gram Sabhas in scheduled areas to emerge as effective institutions of self-governance. Critically evaluate the performance of PESA.(250 words)
Indian Polity by Lakshmikanth
Why this question:
The question aims to ascertain the performance of PESA and its significance in fostering self-governance to local government.
Key demand of the question:
One has to first elaborate briefly upon the PESA and explain how and in what way it empowers Gram Sabhas and also evaluate the performance of PESA.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
On the basis of recommendation of Bhuria Commitee 1994 , Parliament under Article 243M (4) enacted PESA to extend 73rd and 74th Amendment provisions to scheduled area.
Set the context of the question by discussing the statement briefly and explain how it empowers Gram Sabha.
The important part of the question is to evaluate the performance of PESA. So discuss the issues associated with the act. Discuss the concept of Village, Superficial decentralization, apathy of administration, lack of grievance redressal mechanism, issue related regarding with release of funds/grants etc.
Conclude by highlighting the significance and saying that PESA has been a commendable step that decentralizes the powers and make India an India of Gandhi’s dream.