Topic:Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
3) Despite unique constitutional position, the Governor is sometimes not seen as willing or able to discharge his functions as impartial and efficient as envisioned by the fathers of the constitution. Analyse.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article explains that the Maharashtra Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari’s recent recommendation for President’s rule in the State under Article 356 (1) of the Constitution should have been based on “objective material” and not on a political whim or fancy, based on the Supreme Court verdict in the 1994 S.R. Bommai case.
Key demand of the question:
One has to critically analyse the role often played by the Governor in the Indian setup.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Give brief introduction of Governor.
Highlight first the significance of the post of Governor as enshrined in the Indian constitution.
Discuss the issues related to abuse of post of Governor in federal polity failing to the functions impartially and efficiency.
Explain the misuse of Article 356, Power of Reserving bill, Partisan role in Hung assemblies etc. with examples of recent times.
Conclude with way forward.