Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
2) “The Government is the master of the country and the Prime Minister is the master of the Government.” In this context, discuss the Functions and Powers of the Prime Minister as the head of the government.(250 words)
Indian Polity by Lakshmikanth
Why this question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss in detail the powers and functions of the Prime minister and expand the significance of the statement in the question.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with the brief introduction highlighting the role of PM in Indian polity.
The question is straight forward and doesn’t require much deliberation.
Firstly, discuss the functions and powers of the Prime Minister in detail, one can have the following aspects covered:
- He recommends persons who can be appointed as ministers by the president. The President can appoint only those persons as ministers who are recommended by the Prime Minister.
- He allocates and reshuffles various portfolios among the ministers.
- He can ask a minister to resign or advise the President to dismiss him in case of difference of opinion.
- He presides over the meeting of council of ministers and influences its decisions.
- He guides, directs, controls, and coordinates the activities of all the ministers.
- He can bring about the collapse of the council of ministers by resigning from office.
Discuss other functions too.
Conclude that the role of the Prime Minister in the parliamentary government is so significant and crucial that observers like to call it a „Prime Ministerial government.