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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11  November 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and
Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) Bhakti and Sufi movements brought a new form of religious expression amongst Muslims and Hindus. Elaborate the statement highlighting how they worked for communal harmony.(250 words)

Medieval India Old NCERT History Text Book by Satish Chandra – class XI

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I based upon the communal harmony that existed during medieval times.

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out the significance of Bhakti and Sufi movements in keeping the Hindu-Muslim religions bound together and creating an environment of harmony.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly introduce evolution of Bhakti and Sufi movement in India. 

Body:

One should first bring out How of Bhakti and Sufi movement created a new form of religious expression.

Explain how they worked against communalism and in what way they worked for communal harmony.  Discuss that the Hindu as well as the Muslim saints emphasized religious simplicity. They stressed human qualities and moral attitudes. They stressed that a true religious man is one who is pure in thought and action.

Discuss few popular Bhakti and Sufi saints to add weightage to the answer.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of their contributions.


Topic: Geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

 2) What is lightning? How does it strike? Describe the origin and development of thunderstorms with examples .(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

With 9 lakh lightning strikes between April 1 and July 31 this year, Odisha recorded the highest number of lightning strikes in the country, while Jammu and Kashmir recorded the least with about 20,000 strikes, a report by a research body of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) has found. Thus the question aims to ascertain the geographical concept underlying.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the underlying concept of lightning and thunderstorm in detail.

Directive:

Describe – Provide a detailed explanation as to how and why something happens.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define – A thunderstorm is any storm that produces thunder and lightning. At the same time, thunderstorms can also produce high winds, hail, and tornadoes. They are typically associated with cumulus clouds that indicate the presence of rising, unstable air.

Body:

Explain first the origin of a thunderstorm.

Describe the different stages associated with suitable diagrams.

Define the concept of Lightening, highlight the facts brought out by the report.

Explain the impact of it on the lives and livelihood of people, discuss the concerned areas.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

3) Define Mantle Plume and explain its role in plate tectonics.(250 words)

 Physical geography by Savindra Singh

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I. one must discuss the concept of Mantle Plume and its possible role in Plate Tectonics.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward, explain the concept of Mantle Plume and explain its role in plate tectonics.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

A mantle plume is an upwelling of abnormally hot rock within the Earth’s mantle.

Body:

In the body of the answer start discussing by enumerating basics of Plate tectonics, then explain what is mantle plume and its role in plate tectonics.

Explain that Earth’s mantle plays an important role in the evolution of the crust and provides the thermal and mechanical driving forces for plate tectonics.

Discuss the details such as – What happens as a tectonic plate moves over a mantle plume etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such phenomenon.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4) Globally, thousands are succumbing to untreatable superbug infections on a daily basis, making antimicrobial resistance (AMR), one of the most significant challenges the world faces today. Discuss the underlying causes of such an issue and suggest way forward.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is considered one of the most significant challenges the world faces today. The article highlights the major causative factors.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the cause of such a health menace facing the world and the consequences of it.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what AMR is.

Body:

Discuss few facts about the menace.

Then elaborate on the major causes – role of doctors in prescribing antibiotics, lack of cleanliness in hospitals and sanitation in the community, ill-informed patients, discontinuity in dosage etc.

 Enumerate the result/consequence of these issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggestions as to what needs to be done.


Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary.

5) Recent landmark judgement of Ayodhya – Babri dispute underlines the “tolerant and secular nature of India and the fact that Law stands apart over political considerations, religion and beliefs”. Analyze.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The five-judge Supreme Court bench led by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi read out a unanimous judgment and ruled in favour of the Ram Janmabhoomi and said there will be Ram Mandir at the disputed site and Muslims will be given an alternate 5 acre land for their mosque. 

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to bring out the significance of the strong secular fabric that has woven the communal harmony in the country.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief highlight the history of the Ayodhya case.

Body:

Explain in detail first the crux of the dispute – At the crux of the matter is the belief among sections of Hindus that the Babri Masjid, named after Mughal emperor Babur, was built in Ayodhya after destroying a Ram Temple that marked the birthplace of the deity.

In short put up a table/flowchart depicting the chronology of events so far.

Discuss now how the verdict signifies the communal harmony, unity in diversity factor of the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Ayodhya in the past was the centre stage for communal politics and a tool for polarization before elections. The high-pitched events not only disrupted daily life and business, but also endangered communal harmony in the region. In the future with the acrimony between communities settled by the intervention of the Supreme court and the Democratic institutions supporting this landmark judgment, a new era of Economic progress in the region can be witnessed and hoped for.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. India and its neighborhood- relations.

6) Do you think the recent opening up of Kartarpur corridor brings a moment of transcendence in a fraught India-Pak relationship? Analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article explains that November 9, 2019 will go down as a rare day in the history of the Indian sub-continent, on which two nations managed to put aside the distrust and hostilities to jointly facilitate a pilgrimage for a small religious minority in India.

Key demand of the question:

Question aims to analyse the positive sides of the recently launched Kartarpur corridor between India and Pak that provides for access to Pilgrims burying aside long waited differences.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

India and Pakistan have signed an agreement to operationalize the Kartarpur corridor that will facilitate pilgrims from India to visit the Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib in Pakistan. 

Body:

Explain the history and significance of Kartarpur corridor.

States that The corridor will connect Darbar Sahib in Pakistan’s Kartarpur with Dera Baba Nanak shrine in Gurdaspur district and facilitate visa-free movement of Indian Sikh pilgrims.

Discuss what future has for both the countries with initiation of such co-operation between the two.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.


General Studies – 3


Topic Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

7) Ratings agency Moody’s has lowered India’s outlook from stable to negative recently. How do such agencies assign these ratings? What do these ratings mean for India? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article brings out the discussion of recently accredited credit rating by Moody’s to India and the detailed analysis of the same.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what credit rating is, what is the significance of it, what has been the impact of Moody’s credit rating on India and provide for a detailed analysis.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

First highlight the fact that Ratings agency Moody’s has lowered India’s outlook from stable to negative.

Body:

Discuss first what credit rating is – A credit rating is an assessment of the creditworthiness of a borrower in general terms or with respect to a particular debt or financial obligation.

A credit rating can be assigned to any entity that seeks to borrow money — an individual, corporation, state or provincial authority, or sovereign government.

Explain the significance of credit rating agencies, their role.

Discuss the concerned issues with credit rating agencies.

Conclusion:

Conclude  with what should be the way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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