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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 08 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 08  November 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

1) Each locale has a unique landscape that creates or modifies the wind. Discuss the impact of local winds on the weather of a particular region by giving suitable examples.(250 words)

 Geography by Majid Hussain

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of Geography portions of GS paper I .

Key demand of the question:

One must explain in detail the impact of local winds on the weather patterns of a region.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define Local winds/how they are formed.

Body:

Mention varied impacts due to different types of local winds (also one example of local wind of India).

Explain that Landscapes directly impacts the flow pattern of the wind in the following ways:

  • Resistance provided by the surface
  • Structural formations (mountains) guide the flow (diagram)
  • Stability and instability of the wind is guided by the altitude variation.
  • Local wind is generated due to localized difference in heating and cooling of surface. Difference in pressure gradients eventually gives rise to local winds. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with their overall impact.


Topic: Geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

 2) Explain the mechanism of sea-floor spreading and briefly mention the characteristic features of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. (250 words)

Physical geography by Savindra Singh

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions and probes upon the phenomena of SFS and the features of Mid-Atlantic ridge.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain the concept of sea floor spreading.

Body:

 Sea floor spreading is an endo-genetic process occurring at divergent plate boundaries. 

Mention details of the characteristic features of Mid-Atlantic Ridges.

Use suitable diagrams to ensure the content is holistically conveyed.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the phenomena in the formation of geographical features.

 


Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

3) While there is no single solution for tackling climate change and its ill effects, cities across the world must now develop ability and capacity, and the will to take on the challenge. Elaborate. (250 words)

Hindustantimes

 

Why this question:

A study by Climate Central, a US-based climate think tank, said that if spiraling emissions are not brought under control, parts of Mumbai, Surat, Chennai, and Kolkata, will be either underwater or ravaged by recurring floods by 2050. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the need for cities to invest in resilience. Explain the need and significance.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the context of the question.

Body:

Explain the associated issues. With the climate challenge becoming bigger and bigger, it is imperative that cities invest in resilience strategies so that lives, property, and urban infrastructure are not lost due to climate-induced devastations.

Discuss the methods to overcome such challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to overcome.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

4) To ensure the region’s growth path remains strong and sustainable, new policies and initiatives need to remain mindful of fiscal, financial and environmental risks of the South Asia. Comment.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

A newly released paper by the IMF’s Asia and Pacific Department finds that South Asia is poised to play an even bigger role in the global economy going forward, in both relative and absolute terms.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss why new policies and initiatives need to remain mindful of fiscal, financial and environmental risks of the South Asia. Highlight the importance of South Asia region and need to focus upon its growth and development.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the significance of south Asia.

Body:

Explain that South Asia’s contribution to global growth is set to increase over the medium to longer term, while more mature economies decelerate. Greater economic diversification, with an expansion of the service sector, improvements in education, and a still sizable demographic dividend are among the key elements underpinning this performance. 

India in particular has benefitted from the transition from exporting tea and fabrics several decades ago towards a more sophisticated basket of goods and services today.

Conclusion:

Conclude that to build on the strong performance to date and allow for growth to take off in earnest, the countries in the region will need to step up their policy and reform agenda.


Topic:   Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

5) What is online political advertising? Should it be regulated? Discuss the possible role that election commission should play to ensure transparency and accountability in it.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Explain what online political advertising is and what makes online political advertising different, also discuss the possible role that election commission.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the aspects of online political advertising, the challenges posed by it and role of election commission in regulating it.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief first define what online political advertising is.

Body:

Explain first the salient features of  Online advertising 

  • It allows, especially on social networks, for a kind of targeting that wasn’t possible at the same level before.
  • Invisibility of this kind of advertising etc.

Discuss the pros and cons associated.

Explain the need for its regulation.

What should be the role of election commission?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. . 

6) Do you think Kyoto Protocol’s emission trading mechanisms could become redundant after 2020? Analyse while presenting your view points on the upcoming challenge of deciding how markets can be deployed in the service of climate.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article discusses that the Kyoto Protocol’s emission trading mechanisms could become redundant after 2020. India needs to plan for the changed scenario.

Key demand of the question:

One must analyse the possibilities of the mechanism becoming redundant and present opinion about what should be the way ahead to deal with the emissions from the industries. 

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain that the next climate conference to be held in Madrid in December has the challenge of deciding how markets can be deployed in the service of climate. 

Body:

Discuss first why Most developed countries are strongly opposed to permitting the carryover of CDM projects and their credits into the Paris Pact’s mechanisms.

Explain the stand taken by India.

Explain what does one do to help CDM find a place in the post-2020 markets? 

Conclusion:

Conclude that CDM has been a useful source of finance to industry and we may build a viable domestic carbon market in future on the foundations of industry interest as well as environmental protection.


Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

7) India’s claims to being a legitimate power in cyberspace have come under doubt following two recent revelations – the breach at Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant and the recent WhatsApp spyware attack.   Do you think these instances point out to a weakening of India’s cyber sovereignty? Critically analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The recent incidents of cyber security infringement cast serious doubts on the Indian state’s claims to being a legitimate power in cyberspace, both due to the vulnerability of its critical information infrastructure and blatant disregard for the fundamental rights of its citizens online. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

One has to critically analyse the context of India’s weakening cyber sovereignty, what has gone wrong and what needs to be done to tackle the situation.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what cyber sovereignty is.

Body:

Explain first the two recent incidents – The malware attack at the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant and the recent spyware attack by Pegasus on WhatsApp. 

Discuss the glaring issues highlighted by these cases.

Explain in what way the apparent absence of robust cybersecurity capability is a serious cause for concern.

Suggest solutions and way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude that If the Indian state plans to leverage offensive and defensive cyber capabilities, which are of course it’s right as a sovereign power, it needs to get serious about cybersecurity.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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